Study_guide_Part_3Stanford_Text→

Study_guide_Part_3Stanford_Text→ - Stanford...

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Stanford Text Chapter One I doubt how much of these will actually be on the test…. It really just provides a scope of anthropology… This was essentially an introduction to the book and also the vast field of Anthropology noting from the start that the scope of Biological Anthropology is vastly wider than just the study of primates, fossils, and brain evolution. Paleoanthropology the study of the fossil record for humankind. Includes the study of the fossil record of other primates to provide key clues about how, where, and why hominids evolved. research begins in the field then specimens are archived and compared with current living forms growth of fossil record has thrown out old ladder of progress notion (linear view of ancestry wherein each species evolved into more complex forms) and replaced it with a family tree with many branches. Osteology The study of the skeleton Anthropometrists first generation of biological anthropologists who made detailed measurements of the human body in all its forms. Skeletal Biology like osteology is the study of the human skeleton, but skeletal biologists must know the patterns and processes of human growth, physiology, and development, not just anatomy Paleopathology and Bioarchaeology go hand in hand with skeletal biology—they are the study of disease in ancient human populations and the study of human remains in an archaeological context. Important because early fossils were thought to possibly be contemporary humans who had suffered from some pathological Bioarchaeologists work with archaeologists to study the effects of trauma, epidemics, nutritional deficiencies, and infectious diseases Forensic Anthropology the study of the identification of skeletal remains and of the means by which the individual died—it’s a contemporary application of biological anthropology Primatology studies the anatomy, physiology, behavior, and genetics of both living and extinct monkeys, apes, and prosimians early primatologists were mainly psychologists study nonhuman primates out of a desire to learn more about their patterns of behavior and for the lessons they can provide on how evolution has molded the human species
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Human Biology some work in human adaption which studies how people adjust physiologically to the extremes of the planet, some in Human variation, which deals with the many ways in which people differ in their anatomy throughout the world research problems require an understanding of both biological and cultural factors o sometimes called Biocultural Anthropologists biomedical Anthropology – studies how human cultural practices influence the spread of infection disease and how the effects of pollution of toxins in the environment affect human growth Molecular anthropology- molecular approach to evolutionary sciences The first fossil of an ancient human was discovered in 1856, and Darwin’s famous book was published in 1859. His book caused greater uproar than the fossil because people
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