11 - CLAS280Notes 18:57 1. SophocleanHumanism 2. Reverence...

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CLAS 280 Notes 18:57 1. Sophoclean Humanism  2. Reverence  3. “Ode to Man”  Principles of New Learning 5 th  Century 1. art of persuasion/rhetoric “making strong argument weak and weak argument  strong” 2. natural science  (phusis: natural laws that structure the cosmos, elements of  things, atomically, underlying principle/material of things, organization of a micro  and macro level of what is  human)  natural science of what is human (anthropology) New Learning/Sophoclean Humanists = proto-anthropologists Homeric Humanism Euripidean Humanism Thucydidian Humanism Sophoclean Humanism 1. Homeric Humanism Hector: the great hero of the Iliad, paradigm of virtue, not divine, makes mistakes,  dies (human characteristic)  -lives in city -foreigner -concerns of human quality makes Hector the hero  Achilles: -goddess for a mother, lives in temporary shelter with stolen woman  -thinks of himself as an animal Iliad is not about Achilles
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-about humanity of Hector -not about Trojans -not about Greeks vs. Trojans - Iliad about Greeks vs. Greeks 2. Euripidean Humanism  -Bacchae -how the limits of what is human differ from Homer/Sophocles -divine intervention  -humanism is exploration of what is human while being “play things” of the gods
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2011 for the course CLAS 280 at USC.

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11 - CLAS280Notes 18:57 1. SophocleanHumanism 2. Reverence...

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