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ch.1outline - Geology 108 Ch. 1: Philosophy and Fundamental...

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Geology 108 Ch. 1: Philosophy and Fundamental Concepts 1.1 Intro to Environmental Geology -Big Bang (approx. 12 billion years ago) -Ancestral Supernovation (6.6 billion years ago) -Origin of solar system (including Earth) approx. 4.6 billion years ago -Life on Earth began approx. 3.5 billion years ago in oceans (algae, one-celled organisms) -law of faunal assemblages: states that rocks with similar fossils are most likely of a similar geologic age -geology: the science of processes related to the composition, structure and history of Earth and its life -environmental geology: applied geology Earth materials (minerals/rocks/soils) to determine how they form, their potential use as resources or waste disposal sites, and their effects on human health Natural hazards -floods -landslides -earthquakes -volcanic activity Land for site selection and land-use planning Hydrologic processes of groundwater Geologic processes -deposition of sediment on the ocean floor -formation of mountains
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ch.1outline - Geology 108 Ch. 1: Philosophy and Fundamental...

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