simple, compound, complex sentence

simple, compound, complex sentence - Simple, compound and...

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Unformatted text preview: Simple, compound and complex sentences
 To understand the basic formal structure of the English language, it is important to become aware of the fact that there is a difference between the concept of the term clause and the concept of the term sentence. Clause Collection of grammatically-related words including a predicate and a subject. Clauses are building the blocks of a sentence.
 Sentence Largest independent syntactic unit of a language which is not embedded in any larger construction. Every sentence consists of one or more clauses. There are three general types of sentences: Joe waited for the train. The train was late. Mary and Samantha took the bus. I looked for Mary and Samantha at the bus station. Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon and left on the bus before I arrived. 
 
 1.
Simple
sentence:

•
contains
a
subject
and
a
verb
 








































 






































•
is
a
single
independent
clause
 
 This
is
a
simple
sentence.
 
 This is a simple sentence. The Sentence above is a simple sentence, this one is a compound sentence, and the next sentence is a complex sentence. Since this subordinate clause is part of the whole sentence, the sentence is a complex sentence. 
 
 
 2.
Compound
Sentence:
•
consists
of
two
independent
clauses
connected
to
one
another


 

















































by
a
coordinating
conjunction
(=
for,
and,
nor,
but,
or,
yet,





 

















































so)













 
















































 The
sentence
above
is
a
simple
sentence,
this
one
is
a
compound
sentence,
and
the
next
 sentence
is
a
complex
sentence.
 















































 
 3.
Complex
sentence:

•
consists
of
an
independent
clause
+
one
or
more
subordinate







 












































(independent)
clauses
connected
to
it.
A
subordinate
clause
is





 













































introduced
by
subordinating
conjunctions,
such
as
after,










 













































although,
as,
because,
before,
even
though,
if,
that,
who,
which,
 













































etc...
 
 Since
this
subordinate
clause
is
part
of
the
whole
sentence,
the
sentence
is
a
complex
 sentence
 
 
 
 
 
 Identify the following sentences as simple, compound or complex sentences and justify your decision: a) Mr. Freudinger walked into the lecture theatre, welcomed the students and took attendance. ◊ simple ◊ complex ◊ compound b) Juan played football, yet Juanita went shopping. ◊ simple ◊ complex ◊ compound c)
The
island
was
filled
with
many
trails
winding
through
the
thick
underbrush,
a
small



 




lake,
and
dangerous
wild
pigs. ◊ simple ◊ complex ◊ compound d)
Naoki
passed
the
exam
because
he
studied
hard
and
understood
the
material. ◊ simple ◊ complex ◊ compound 
 ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2011 for the course ENG 185 taught by Professor Dr.noname during the Spring '10 term at Harvard.

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