Lecture_Notes_111309b

Lecture_Notes_111309b - Zumdahl Chapter 22 ORGANIC AND...

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ORGANIC AND BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES Zumdahl Chapter 22
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Organic Chemistry y The study of carbon containing molecules and their properties. y Why study organic chemistry? { most biological molecules are organic molecules { drug design and delivery { energy, fuel sources { natural products { synthetic fibers, plastics and other materials { all foods that we consume
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Hydrocarbons y Hydrocarbons – molecules that contain only carbon and hydrogen y Saturated hydrocarbons – all C-C bonds are single bonds, also called alkanes y Unsaturated hydrocarbons – at least one multiple C- C bond, also called alkenes or alkynes
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Hydrocarbons – Alkanes y Have a general formula of C n H 2n+2 y All carbons are sp 3 hybridized y Can be straight or branched
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Hydrocarbons – Alkanes Name Formula Methane CH 4 Ethane C 2 H 6 Propane C 3 H 8 Butane C 4 H 10 Pentane C 5 H 12 Hexane C 6 H 14 Heptane C 7 H 16 Octane C 8 H 18 Nonane C 9 H 20 Decane C 10 H 22 y Butane and larger exhibit structural isomerism
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Lecture_Notes_111309b - Zumdahl Chapter 22 ORGANIC AND...

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