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Lecture_Notes_111609b

Lecture_Notes_111609b - Cyclic Alkanes The smallest cyclic...

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Cyclic Alkanes y The smallest cyclic alkane is C 3 H 6 . y Have the general formula C n H 2n . y Named similar to linear alkanes, but add cyclo to the beginning of the cyclic alkane which is the root name
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Cyclic Alkanes y Name the following cyclic alkanes: C H 3 CH 3 C H 3 CH 3 CH 3
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Hydrocarbons – Alkenes y Have at least one double bond. y Named similar to alkanes, but end in –ene instead of –ane. y If there is only one double bond, has the general formula C n H 2n . y If there are more than 3 carbons, you need to specify where the double bond is.
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Hydrocarbons – Alkene Isomers y Alkenes can have cis-, trans- (geometrical) isomerism.
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Hydrocarbons – Alkynes y Have at least one triple bond. y Named similar to alkanes, but end in –yne instead of –ane. y If there are more than 3 carbons, you need to specify where the triple bond is.
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Hydrocarbons – Alkenes and Alkynes y Name the following alkenes and alkynes: C H 3 CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 CH 3
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Reactions of Alkenes and Alkynes y Addition Reactions: {
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Lecture_Notes_111609b - Cyclic Alkanes The smallest cyclic...

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