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Lecture_Notes_111809b

Lecture_Notes_111809b - Aldehydes(R-C-H To name replace the...

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Aldehydes (R-C-H) y To name replace the –e at the end of the parent name with –al. Do not need to specify position because will always be a terminal carbon that is always assigned the number 1. y Name the following aldehyde: y Draw: 2-bromo-4-isopropylnonal O CH 3 CH 3 CH 3
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Ketones (R-C-R’) y To name replace the –e at the end of the parent name with –one need to specify the position of the carbonyl group, it should have the smallest substituent number. y Name the following ketone: y Draw 4,5-dichloro-3-hexanone: C H 3 CH 3 O C H 3 CH 3
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Carboxylic Acids (R-C-OH) y To name replace the –e at the end of the parent name with –oic acid. Do not need to specify position because will always be a terminal carbon that is always assigned the number 1. y Name the following carboxylic acid: y Draw 4-bromopentanoic acid C H 3 O OH CH 3 CH 3 Cl
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Esters (R-C-O-R’) y Formed from a carboxylic acid and alcohol: { CH 3 COOH + HOCH 2 CH 3 CH 3 COOCH 2 CH 3 + H 2 O y
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