Evidence Cards - Affirmative

Evidence Cards - Affirmative - E vidence Cards-Affi rmative...

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Evidence Cards-Affirmative Coms 250 Skiles 10 May 2010 Evidence Cards-Affirmative 1. Against the CTBT Jayaprakash, N.D. “Non-proliferation and the Challenge of Nuclear Disarmament”. Dissident Voice (2010) . 1-5. RAL Jayaprakash 2010 Another problematic aspect of the UNSC Resolution No.1887 of 2009 is the unqualified manner in which it has called upon all States to join and ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). On the face of it, such a call would have been most welcome provided the CTBT in its present form was designed to fulfill that mandate. However, as is explained below, that certainly is not the case. The article titled “Disarmament Negotiations: In Retrospect and Prospect” provides a brief overview of the concerted attempts from the late 1940s till the early 1960s to advance towards the goal of disarmament. Throughout that period, due to persistent pressure from the global peace movement, the nuclear weapon powers were forced to engage in disarmament negotiations. The adoption of the McCloy- Zorin Accord was the high point of such efforts. During 1958-1961, when the first moratorium on nuclear tests was in force, fruitful negotiations had taken place between the U.S., the USSR and the UK at the Geneva Conference on the Discontinuance of Nuclear Weapon Tests. Under its auspices three technical working groups of experts had – in almost continuous session from 31 October 1958 to 29 January 1962 – investigated and reported on various aspects of control: one on high altitude tests, another on underground tests, and the third on seismic research programs to improve detection capabilities. However, the Conference was unable to complete the drafting of a Treaty because of persistent differences on whether or not national technical means of detection were adequate for detecting violation of any treaty obligations under all environments. 2. Against the CTBT Jayaprakash, N.D. “Non-proliferation and the Challenge of Nuclear Disarmament”. Dissident Voice (2010) . 1-5. RAL Jayaprakash 2010
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Having analysed the substantive part of the U.S. Administration’s explanatory note on the CTBT, certain other points too need to be clarified. It may be noted that while the CTBT was conceived as a disarmament measure and negotiated in the Conference on Disarmament (CD), it has finally turned to be merely a horizontal non-proliferation measure. In effect, the CTBT in its present form can never be considered as a step towards the goal of global nuclear disarmament. In addition, the CTBT permits quantitative and qualitative vertical proliferation by the nuclear weapon powers. Thus, the so-called “sub- critical” tests 11 (so named because the explosion doesn’t sustain a nuclear chain reaction, but in fact can produce a small fission yield) have not been prohibited. 3.
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Evidence Cards - Affirmative - E vidence Cards-Affi rmative...

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