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Unformatted text preview: Coms 312 4/28/09 Critical Review of 5 Studies The area of research I am looking into is interpersonal communication within the immediate family and how the level of communication affects your ability to communicate later on in life. I think that it is extremely important to have family dinners as a young child as often as possible in order to be confident in your communication skills later down the line. I want to see if the amount of family dinners you have a week as a child directly influences how successful you will be later in life, more specially how much income you will make a year, divorce rate, and communication ability. The first research study I chose to look at was titled, “Eat your Hamburger!”—“No, I don’t want to!” Argumentation and Argumentative Development in the Context of Dinner Conversation in Twenty Swedish Families, by Asa Brumark. This study’s research question attempts to analyze family dinners in the context of argumentation and argumentative development by using a context-sensitive model of basic argumentative structures in every day conversations. There was no hypothesis because this study was meant to be merely an observation of family discourse, without any outside manipulation. The independent variables in this study were 20 different Swedish families, which were separated into two groups depending on the children's ages (10–11 years with younger siblings and 10–12 years with older siblings). The dependent variable in this study was the context model that revealed characteristic structures of argumentation within the family groups. It was found that the biggest difference in the two different groups were the age of the children. The groups of older children produced longer argumentative sequences, more exchanges per sequence, and higher rate of returns. The older children also engaged in non-instrumental deliberations and disputations significantly more often and they performed more elaborated expansions (through a higher quantity of backing arguments). The groups of younger children on the other hand were more often involved in negotiations on topics relevant in the immediate context. What the researcher found surprising was that both groups, regardless of age, lacked variety and complexity in their arguments....
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2011 for the course COMS 312 taught by Professor Conway during the Spring '09 term at Cal Poly.
- Spring '09