additional5 - selling activities Î Perception that neither...

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1 Common Features of Food Systems Around the World ± Spatial dispersion ± Differences in scale of production across vertical levels in the food system ± Sequential nature of production Evolution mensuelle des prix à la consommation 50 70 90 110 130 150 170 190 210 230 250 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Mois Fcfa/kg Sorgh-bko Mil-bko Mil-kayes Sorgho-kayes Mais-bko Mais-kayes
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2 Common Features of Food Systems Around the World ± Uncertainty of production ± Seasonality ± Perishability ± Increasing international integration ± Important public-sector roles Common Food System Problems ± Price instability due to both supply and demand shocks (more at farm level than consumer level in industrialized economies) ± Chronic inadequate access to food by many low-income households
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3 Common Food System Problems ± Importance of macro policies on food system ± Negative attitudes towards “intermediaries” ± High cost of direct gov’t. buying &
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Unformatted text preview: selling activities Î Perception that neither the market nor the state works well. Structural Transformation ± Decrease in relative role of farming in the economy (% of GDP, employment) ± Movement away from household-level production to a more integrated economy ± Linking farmer and others in the food system to the information system of the wider world. 4 Development Approaches, 1960-Present ± Industrial Fundamentalism: 1950s and 1960s ± Planning & Parastatals: 1950s-1970s ± Expanding Farm-level Production– Green Revolution: 1960s-1970s ± Integrated Rural Development--Poorest of the Poor Development Approaches, 1960-Present ± Current Emphases: – Liberalization, Structural Adjustment & Beyond – Globalization of the Food System – Food Security – NGOs – Information and Institutional Design...
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additional5 - selling activities Î Perception that neither...

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