RISE OF JIM CROW.docx - RISE OF JIM CROW 1877-1900S African...

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RISE OF JIM CROW, 1877-1900S African Americans steadily lost economic political and cultural power in the South after 1877 due to white southerners organized efforts. reconstruction 1865-1877 -90 percent blacks lived in the South -civil war ended in 1865 -south making advancements -everything being reconstructed -Reconstruction of citizenship ex: African Americans being brought into citizenship - 13 th (1865) 14 th (1868)15 th (1870) reconstruction amendments -13 th ended slavery in the United States -14 th gave African Americans citizenship (birth right citizenship & all citizens are guaranteed equal protection under the law) present ppl still appeal with 14 th am. -15 th voting rights (only men) women upset (suffrages) your right vote cannot be abridged by race, sex, etc.…. start running for office -first group of African Americans senators, legislators, congressman send to house of representatives (power help Africans community) -expansion of education, political rights, southerners didn’t like this -so elections are fair us congress was sending troops to the south to ensure AA were allowed to vote -fatal flaw in terms of helping AA in the long term gave them everything except LAND -formally enslave people are not given land meaning they couldn’t economically establish and independent -later in 1870s end of reconstruction 1877 official end troops are pulled out of South -southerners angry over laws that were established -try to take over all the south and set their own rules sharecropping

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