Unformatted text preview: SOLUTION SOLUTION SOLUTION LING 201: Introduction to Linguistics (Fall 2010) Assignment 3 Due: Friday 22 October 2010
Family name________________________________Given name_________________________ Student number: ________________________ TA: Brian Buccola Stephan Hurtubise Min Ji Sung 9:35-10:25 10:35-11:25 10:35-11:25 Brian Buccola Stephan Hurtubise Min Ji Sung 10:35-11:25 11:35-12:25 12:35-13:25 I worked with _______________________________ and _______________________________ in preparing this assignment (maximum three students per group, all from the same conference). You can discuss the assignment only with students in your group; do not discuss the assignment with students outside your group. 1. MORPHOPHONOLOGY IN ANCIENT GREEK (6 points) Nominative Genitive Accusative Singular Singular Singular Gloss ———————————————————————————————————— skolops skolopos skolopa ‘stake’ lips libos liba ‘southwest wind’ araps arabos araba ‘Arab’ mastiks mastigos mastiga ‘lash’ aiTiops aiTiopos aiTiopa ‘Ethiopian’ floks flogos floga ‘flame’ foiniks foinikos foinika ‘date palm’ salpiNks salpiNgos salpiNga ‘trumpet’ 1. To account for the voicing alternations (changes in voicing) observed in the final consonants of Ancient Greek roots, two plausible hypotheses are given immediately below. Briefly argue EITHER for Hypothesis A for Hypothesis B. (3 points: 1 for choosing the right hypothesis; 2 for explanation and examples) Hypothesis A: The root-final consonants that alternate in voicing are underlyingly voiced and there is a rule of devoicing. Hypothesis B: The root-final consonants that alternate in voicing are underlyingly voiceless and there is a rule of voicing. Hypothesis A is the correct one. Under hypothesis B there is no way to predict which root-final consonants will become voiced and which ones will stay voiceless when adding genitive or accusative case suffixes - e.g. [k] in [mastiks] becomes voiced ([mastigos], [mastiga]), but [k] in [foiniks] stays voiceless ([foinikos], foinika]) in the same environment – and the rule of voicing will incorrectly make them both voiced. Under hypothesis A, on the other hand, the devoicing rule would affect only the ones that alternate in voicing. SOLUTION SOLUTION SOLUTION 2. Based on your answer to Question 1, state the phonological rule in segments: (1 point) /p, b, g/ voiceless / __[s] 3. Provide the underlying forms of the morphemes with the following meanings: (1 point; 0.5 each) Nominative singular: ______/s/_______ Genitive singular: ____/os/____ 4. If the accusative singular form for ‘throat’ is [laruNga], the nominative singular form is (0.5) laruNks laruNgs can’t tell from the data provided 5. If the nominative singular form for ‘flesh’ is [sarks], the genitive singular form is: (0.5) sarkos sargos can’t tell from the data provided 2. MORPHOLOGICAL TREE STRUCTURE FOR REPLACEMENT (4 points) The word ‘replacement’ can have two possible structures. Draw the two structures in the space provided below and then determine which one of them is the correct one (A, B or both) and explain your choice. Structure A: (1 point) N N Af re Structure B: (1 point) V place Af ment N V Af re V place Af ment Your choice of correct structure and explanation: (2 points) Structure B is correct, because the prefix re- does not attach to nouns, only to verbs (e.g. re-unite, re-do; *re-math; *re-duty) ...
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- Fall '10
- Latin, Grammatical case, Accusative case, Singular Singular Singular