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Unformatted text preview: 4 Inorganic Chemistry INORGANIC CHEMISTRY NEW EDITION Fourth Edition PETER ATKINS, University of Oxford, TINA OVERTON, University of Hull, JON ROURKE, University of Warwick, MARK WELLER, University of Southampton and FRASER ARMSTRONG, University of Oxford WITH CONTRIBUTIONS FROM: MICHAEL HAGERMAN, Union College, PAUL SALVADOR, Carnegie Mellon University, THOMAS SPIRO, Princeton University and EDWARD STIEFEL, Princeton University. ‘The teaching of main-group chemistry is a notoriously difficult task, both for the lecturer and author ... the key is to stress chemical relationships, across Periods and down Groups, and ... try as far as possible to contextualise the material. I feel this text delivers magnificently.’ Rob Janes, Open University New to this edition: ■ New author team: Peter Atkins has been joined by a team of inorganic chemists, comprising experienced chemical educators and researchers at the cutting edge of their fields. ■ Greatly expanded coverage of descriptive chemistry of the elements, each group now having its own chapter. ■ 'Frontiers' chapters discuss advanced topics at the cuttingedge of research in inorganic chemistry. ■ Examples show the relevance of inorganic chemistry to reallife situations. ■ Key points are highlighted within the chapter, as they are encountered by the student. ■ A solutions manual is available free to adopters. The new, fourth edition of Shriver and Atkins' Inorganic Chemistry reaffirms the position of this text at the heart of any student's chemistry education, offering more stimulation, more insights and more support to help students grasp the fundamentals of this subject than ever before. Peter Atkins has been joined for the fourth edition by a new author team who have drawn upon their excellence in teaching and research to completely revise the book. The authors have increased the accessibility of the text by expanding explanations, using a less formal writing style, and assuming a lower level of mathematical and chemical knowledge, yet have taken care not to sacrifice the depth and rigour of previous editions. The new edition mirrors its predecessors by seeking to inspire students. New 'Frontiers' chapters open up to the student topics at the forefront of contemporary research, while examples throughout, showing the relevance of inorganic chemistry to real-life situations, encourage students to engage fully with the subject. Contents: PART 1. FOUNDATIONS: 1. Atomic Structure; 2. Molecular Structure and Bonding; 3. The Structures of Simple Solids; 4. Acids & Bases; 5. Oxidation and Reduction; 6. Physical Techniques in Inorganic Chemistry; 7. Molecular Symmetry; 8. An Introduction to Coordination Compounds; PART 2. THE ELEMENTS AND THEIR COMPOUNDS: 9. Hydrogen; 10. The Group 1 Elements; 11. The Group 2 Elements; 12. The Group 13 Elements; 13. The Group 14 Elements; 14. The Group 15 Elements; 15. The Group 16 Elements; 16. The Group 17 Elements; 17. The Group 18 Elements; 18. The d-Block Metals; 19. dMetal Complexes: Electronic Structure & Spectra; 20. d-Metal Complexes: Reactions in Solution; 21. d-Metal Organometallic Chemistry; 22. The f-Block Metals; PART 3. FRONTIERS: 23. Solid State and Materials Chemistry; 24. Nanomaterials, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology; 25. Catalysis; 26. Biological Inorganic Chemistry FROM THE AUTHOR “Our aim is to provide a comprehensive and contemporary introduction to the diverse and fascinating discipline of inorganic chemistry. We have written the book with the undergraduate chemist in mind. It provides the theoretical foundations upon which to build knowledge and understanding, which are so essential in the early stages of study. It will help to rationalize the sometimes bewildering diversity of descriptive chemistry and demonstrate the relevance of the subject to everyday life. It also takes the student to the forefront of the discipline and should therefore complement many courses taken in the later stages of study. We hope that all students will find the book accessible, comprehensive, authoritative, and up to date and that it makes the study of inorganic chemistry a fulfilling and enriching experience.” TINA OVERTON Co-author Tina Overton is Director of the Higher Education Academy of Physical Sciences and has been awarded both the Royal Society of Chemistry Tertiary Education Award 2004 and National Teaching Fellowship 2005. ANCILLARY ■ Solutions Manual to Accompany Shriver and Atkins Inorganic Chemistry, Fourth Edition Provides detailed solutions to all the self-test and end-of-chapter exercises. Available free to all adopters of the parent text. 320pp July 2006 0-19-928859-3 978-0-19-928859-5 £19.99 Paperback ONLINE RESOURCE CENTRE FEATURES: ■ 3D rotating molecular models. ■ Illustrations and tables from the book in electronic format. ■ Web links. ■ Group theory tables. ■ Exploring the frontiers: links to news and research articles – updated twice yearly. 848pp January 2006 0-19-926463-5 978-0-19-926463-6 £37.99 Paperback 5 Properties of Materials Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure ROBERT E. NEWNHAM, Materials Research Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, USA Crystals and other textured materials are enormously useful in electronics, optics, acoustics, and many other engineering applications. This richly illustrated text describes the underlying principles of crystal physics and chemistry, covering a wide range of topics, and illustrating numerous applications in many fields of engineering using the most important materials today. Diverse Atoms Profiles of the Chemical Elements HAZEL ROSSOTTI, Fellow and Tutor in Chemistry, St Anne's College, Oxford INORGANIC CHEMISTRY ‘A pleasure to behold.’ The Chemical Intelligencer Written in an informal, student-friendly style, Diverse Atoms surveys the properties of all the chemical elements in order of atomic number. This emphasises the chemical individuality of each element and the effect of electron configuration on chemical behaviour. Each entry comprises a description of the element, its uses and biological roles and provides glimpses of contemporary and future research activity. Revision summaries are provided for each element and all new concepts are explained as they are encountered. The text is generously supported by data, equations and diagrams throughout. Contents: 1. Introduction; 2. Transformations; 3. Symmetry; 4. Transformation Operators for Symmetry Elements; 5. Tensors and Physical Properties; 6. Thermodynamic Relationships; 7. Specific Heat and Entropy; 8. Pyroelectricity; 9. Dielectric Constant; 10. Stress and Strain; 11. Thermal Expansion; 12. Piezoelectricity; 13. Elasticity; 14. Magnetic Phenomena; 15. Nonlinear Phenomena; 16. Ferroic Crystals; 17. Electrical Resistivity; 18. Thermal Conductivity; 19. Diffusion and Ionic Conductivity; 20. Galvanomagnetic and Thermomagnetic Phenomena; 21. Thermoelectricity; 22. Piezoresistance; 23. Acoustic Waves I; 24. Acoustic Waves II; 25. Crystal Optics; 26. Dispersion and Absorption; 27. Photoelasticity and Acousto-Optics; 28. Electro-Optic Phenomena; 29. Nonlinear Optics; 30. Optical Activity and Enantiomorphism; 31. Magneto-Optics; 32. Chemical Anisotropy 602pp 1998 0-19-855815-5 978-0-19-855815-6 £28.49 Paperback 390pp 2004 0-19-852076-X 978-0-19-852076-4 £32.50 Paperback Essential Trends in Inorganic Chemistry D. M. P. MINGOS, Professor of Inorganic Chemistry, Imperial College, London; Dean, The Royal College of Science Chemical Bonding and Molecular Geometry From Lewis to Electron Densities R.J. GILLESPIE, Professor, Department of Chemistry, McMaster University (Emeritus), Canada and P. L. A. POPELIER, Lecturer, Department of Chemistry, University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, UK Written by one of the world's foremost authorities on the chemical bond, Chemical Bonding and Molecular Geometry provides students with an introduction to models and theories of chemical bonding and geometry as applied to the molecules of the main group elements, starting with the basic principles and proceeding to advanced topics all in the same volume. It gives students an understanding of how the concept of the chemical bond has developed from its earliest days, through Lewis' brilliant concept of the electron pair bond, up until the present day. ‘... useful not only to undergraduates, but also to postgraduates and those who teach the subject at university level. I am happy to recommend this book.’ Chemistry in Britain The growth of inorganic chemistry during the last 50 years has made it difficult for the student to assimilate all the factual information available. This book is designed to help by showing how a chemist uses the Periodic Table to organize and process this mass of information. It includes a detailed discussion of the important horizontal, vertical, and diagonal trends in the properties of the atoms of the elements and their compounds. These basic principles can then be applied to more detailed problems in modern inorganic chemistry. Contents: 1. The Quantum Mechanical Basis of the Periodic Table; 2. Vertical Trends; 3. Horizontal and Diagonal Trends; 4. Isoelectronic and Iso-stoichiometric Relationships; 5. Transition Metals (d-Block Elements), Lanthanides and Actinides (f-Block Elements) Contents: 1. The Chemical Bond: Classical Concepts and Theories; 2. Bond Properties; 3. Some Basic Concepts of Quantum Mechanics; 4. Molecular Geometry and the VSEPR Model; 5. Ligand-Ligand Interactions and the Ligand Close Packing (LCP) Model; 6. The AIM Theory and the Analysis of the Electron Density; 7. The Laplacian of the Electron Density; 8. Molecules of the Elements of Period 2; 9. Molecules of the Elements of Period 3-6 400pp 1998 0-19-850108-0 978-0-19-850108-4 £29.49 Paperback 284pp 2001 0-19-510496-X 978-0-19-510496-7 £28.99 Paperback (OUP USA) 6 Chemistry of the First Row Transition Metals JON MCCLEVERTY, School of Chemistry, University of Bristol Chemistry of the First Row Transition Metals describes the most significant structures, reactions, and other important properties of co-ordination, organometallic and solid state compounds and also sketches the role of first row transition metals in biology. This largely factual text contains explanations based on simple theory covered in a first year inorganic chemistry course. Beginning Group Theory for Chemistry PAUL H. WALTON, Senior Lecturer, Department of Chemistry, University of York In Beginning Group Theory for Chemistry, the basic concepts of group theory are introduced at a level appropriate for all chemistry undergraduates, whatever the strength of their mathematical ability. The "workbook" style of the text, where students write their answers to problems and compare them to model answers, helps the student to gain confidence in using group theory in chemistry. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY Contents: 1. Introduction; 2. Metals and Solid Compounds; 3. Metals in Solution; 4. Compounds in Higher Oxidation States; 5. Compounds in Lower Oxidation States; 6. Bio-Transition Metal Chemistry; Further Reading; Index Contents: 1. What Use is Group Theory?; 2. Symmetry - A Start; What is Group?; 3. More Representations; 4. The Heart of Group Theory; 5. Group Theory in Action: Molecular Vibrations; 6. Group Theory in Action: Molecular Orbitals; Appendix 1: Character Tables Common in Chemistry; Appendix 2: Direct Product Tables 98pp 1999 0-19-850151-X 978-0-19-850151-0 £10.99 Paperback 156pp 1998 0-19-855964-X 978-0-19-855964-1 £29.99 Paperback The Electronic Structure and Chemistry of Solids P. A. COX, Fellow of New College and Lecturer in Inorganic Chemistry, University of Oxford Structure and Dynamics An Atomic View of Materials MARTIN T. DOVE, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge 'Structure and Dynamics is a superbly planned and written book, with carefully selected material and well-chosen examples. ... Most of the material is given at a remarkable level of simplicity. It is characterised by deep insight, ease of style, and great pedagogical value. It can be equally useful to students and teachers, and has every reason to become a classical book in its field. ' Dr. Artem Oganov, University College London ‘P. A. Cox has brought considerable skill to the tasks of familiarizing chemists with the electronic structure of solids.' Angewandte Chemie Most books on solids are addressed to physicists, and present a more mathematical and fundamental account of the subject than is appropriate for students of chemistry. The Electronic Structure and Chemistry of Solids takes a different view, and shows how the electronic structures and properties of solids can be described in terms familiar to chemists. The discussion is illustrated by a wide variety of examples. Contents: 1.Introduction;2.Spectroscopic Methods;3.Electronic Energy Levels and Chemical Bonding; 4. Elementary Band Theory; 5. The Effects of Electron Repulsion; 6. Lattice Distortions; 7. Defects, Impurities, and Surfaces; Appendix A: The Fermi-Dirac Distribution Function; Appendix B: Brillouin Zones and the Reciprocal Lattice Contents: Preface; Introduction; Structure of Materials; Formal Description of Crystal Structures; The Reciprocal Lattice; Atomic Bonding in Crystals; Diffraction; Physical Properties; Lattice Dynamics; Experimental Methods for Measurements of Vibrational Frequencies; Anharmonic Interactions; Displacive Phase Transitions; Appendices. 270pp 1987 0-19-855204-1 978-0-19-855204-8 £38.49 Paperback 356pp 2003 0-19-850678-3 978-0-19-850678-2 £24.95 Paperback Oxford Chemistry Primers in Inorganic Chemistry include: Beer: Supramolecular Chemistry Bochmann: Organometallics 1 Bochmann: Organometallics 2 Chipperfield: Non-Aqueous Solvents 0-19-850259-1 Clegg: Crystal Structure Determination Constable: Coordination Chemistry of Macrocyclic Compounds Fenton: Biocoordination Chemistry 0-19-855773-6 Henderson: The Mechanisms of Reactions at Transition Metal Sites Housecroft: The Heavier d-Block Metals Housecroft: Metal-Metal Bonded Carbonyl Dimers and Clusters 0-19-855746-9 0-19-850103-X 0-19-855859-7 978-0-19-855773-9 978-0-19-855746-3 978-0-19-850103-9 978-0-19-855859-0 978-0-19-855890-3 978-0-19-850467-2 For a complete list of Oxford Chemistry Primers, see page 37 0-19-855901-1 0-19-855692-6 978-0-19-850259-3 978-0-19-855901-6 978-0-19-855692-3 0-19-850447-0 0-19-855750-7 0-19-855813-9 978-0-19-850447-4 978-0-19-855750-0 978-0-19-855813-2 McCleverty: Chemistry of the First Row Transition Metals Mingos: Essentials of Inorganic Chemistry 1 Mingos: Essentials of Inorganic Chemistry 2 Norman: Periodicity and the s- and p-Block Elements Ogden: Introduction to Molecular Symmetry Weller: Inorganic Materials Chemistry 0-19-855798-1 Whyman: Applied Organometallic Chemistry and Catalysis Winter: Chemical Bonding Winter: d-Block Chemistry Winter: Foundations of Inorganic Chemistry 0-19-855917-8 0-19-855694-2 0-19-855696-9 0-19-879288-3 978-0-19-855798-2 978-0-19-855917-7 978-0-19-855694-7 978-0-19-855696-1 978-0-19-879288-8 0-19-850151-X 0-19-855848-1 0-19-855918-6 0-19-855961-5 0-19-855910-0 978-0-19-850151-0 978-0-19-855848-4 978-0-19-855918-4 978-0-19-855961-0 978-0-19-855910-8 Iggo: NMR Spectroscopy in Inorganic Chemistry 0-19-855890-2 Kaltsoyannis: The f Elements 0-19-850467-5 ...
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