Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 I WHAT IS SOCIOLOGY a systematic...

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Chapter 1I.WHAT IS SOCIOLOGY?– a systematic study of social behaviors and human groups.-relationship between the individuals and society.-consequences of difference-the essential wisdom of sociology is the social world guides our actions, thoughts feelings anQuatitive is the number (think quality)1.average, counts, ect2.ex. Roughly half of the 7000 lang spoken globally are only knon 10,000 people or less.Qualitative is wordsII.the individual- creative stubborn indInd generally follow guidelines for behavior, but they can at times reject themAGENCY= the freedom to choose and actBut ther are alays conquences and often limitationsIii Society1.the study of society, or our social environment, is at the core of sociology2.social institutions are often invisible but guide our actions(think of building design)3.Nested ithin social institutions:1.Catergories(African Americans,Caucasians)2.Groups (children,blue-collar workers)3.Sub groups(layers,elders,grade schooler)4.Status (I’am a ….____________)4.The consequences od differenceSociology looks at how resources are distributed and the consequences of those distibuteds1.life and death during the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami10 men for every 1 oman survived2. One of the main task is of sociology is to reveal and report the degee of….3. Social Inequality= condition in which members of society having differing amounts of ealth, prestige, and power.4. Sociology allos us to see our real limitations and opportunities.A.The Sociological Imagination-awareness of the relationship between an individual and the wider society, both today and in the past.1.C. Wright Mills: the ability to view one’s own society as an outsider (cockfighting in Bali)2.requires giving up the idea that we alone make the choices in our lives for the strange-feeling idea that our choices are shaped & guided by social forces.3.You may play the hand but society dealt the cards.4.private troubles/public issues( social problems)5.seeing how crisis can help see how socity shapes ind lives.6.all “personal choices are made in a social context. Ex.- how many kids you will have. U.S-2 kids, Niger-7-8 kids China-17.see how society (and history) shapes our lives8.real opportunities and restrictions9.see society as the cause of social problems instead of ind personal failing
10.our lives are more connected ith and interdependent upon diverse groups of people around the world11.their beliefs anf practices may be quit different from our ownB.The Hamburger as Miracle- What it takes to make from wild cow on….C.Key Components of SociologyD.Sociology and the Social SciencesE.Sociology and Common Sense-is often unreliable and inaccurate.Common can not be backed up sociology can be.

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