Chapter 2-3 Outline - Chapter 2 Outline I. STEPS IN THE...

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Chapter 2 Outline I. STEPS IN THE RESEARCH PROCESS 1. Defining the Problem-Whats your topic 2. Reviewing the Literature-What’s known? How would you research? What keywords. 3. Formulating the Hypothesis-What’s the exact question (s) (if-then) 4. Select a research design-which method is best? Whats needed a. Collecting and Analyzing Data 5. Developing the Conclusion 6. In Summary: The Research Process II. MAJOR RESEARCH DESIGNS 1. Surveys-paper,questionar 2. Observation/enthnography a. participant observation 3. Experiments a. natural experiment 4. Use of Existing Sources a. secondary analysis b. Content analysis c. Historical analysis-go back and compare two city registers and religion,diaries. III. RESEARCH ETHICS 1. Confidentiality 2. Research Funding 3. Value Neutrality 4. Feminist Methodology Terms- for Chapter 2 Causal logic The relationship between a condition or variable and a particular consequence, with one event leading to the other. Code of ethics The standards of acceptable behavior developed by and for members of a profession. Content analysis The systematic coding and objective recording of data, guided by some rationale.
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Control group The subjects in an experiment who are not introduced to the independent variable by the researcher. Control variable A factor that is held constant to test the relative impact of an independent variable. Correlation A relationship between two variables in which a change in one coincides with a change in the other. Dependent variable The variable in a causal relationship that is subject to the influence of another variable. Ethnography The study of an entire social setting through extended systematic observation. Experiment An artificially created situation that allows a researcher to manipulate variables.
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This note was uploaded on 01/09/2011 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Leedacopley during the Fall '09 term at Columbus State Community College.

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Chapter 2-3 Outline - Chapter 2 Outline I. STEPS IN THE...

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