Chapter 7 � Families

Chapter 7 � Families - Chapter 7 Families GLOBAL...

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Chapter 7 – Families
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2 GLOBAL VIEW OF THE FAMILY
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3 Substance: What a Family Is New roles, new gender distinctions, and new child- rearing patterns have all combined to create new forms of family life The substantive definition of the family is based on blood, meaning shared genetic heritage, and law, meaning social recognition and affirmation of the bond, including both marriage and adoption In this definition, the boundaries are clear, and allow us to track who is related to whom over time The U.S. Census relies on this definition because it is easier to count such families “No matter how many communes anybody invents, the family always creeps back.” - Margaret Mead
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4 Kinship = the state of being related to others Culturally learned, not totally determined by biological ties The family and the kin group are not always the same In bilateral descent , both sides of a person’s family are regarded as equal US follows this system, but most societies give preference to one side or the other Do you have your mom or dad’s last name, or both? Patrilineal descent = father’s relatives are important in terms of property, inheritance, and emotional ties Matrilineal descent = mother’s relatives are significant
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5 Historically, family connections served as a valuable resource Survival (food, clothes, shelter), jail, police, hospital Extended family = a family in which relatives—such as grandparents, aunts, or uncles—live in the same household as parents and their children Extended families provide greater emotional and financial support, but require more effort and resources Nuclear family = consists of a married couple and their unmarried children living together By 2000, only about one-third of U.S. family households fit this model
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Types of Marriage Monogamy = form of marriage in which one woman and one man are married only to each other Serial monogamy = form of marriage in which a person may have several spouses in his or her lifetime but only one spouse at a time
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7 Polygamy is a form of marriage in which an individual may have several husbands or wives simultaneously Most societies throughout the world have preferred polygamy to monogamy There are two types of polygamy: Polygyny = a man may have more than one wife at the same time Polyandry , a woman may have more than one husband at the same time (very rare) The main limitation to the substantive definition of the family is that there are people who seem to be family but do not fit neatly into blood or law (ex: stepsiblings)
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8 Functions: What Families Do People in the United States seem to agree that the traditional definitions of family are too restrictive A functionalist definition of the family focuses on what families do for society and for their members Ogburn outlined six primary functions of families: 1. Reproduction 2. Socialization 3. Protection 4. Regulation of sexual behavior
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This note was uploaded on 01/09/2011 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Leedacopley during the Fall '09 term at Columbus State Community College.

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Chapter 7 � Families - Chapter 7 Families GLOBAL...

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