Chapter 15 Summary and terms

Chapter 15 Summary and terms - Chapter 15 1 Chapter 15...

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Chapter 15 Chapter 15 Summary We are in an era of dramatic global social change. Sociology helps us understand such change. Social change involves significant alteration over time in behavior patterns and culture. Theorists have examined social change from several perspectives. Evolutionary theory views society as moving in a definite direction. Early evolutionary theorists generally agreed that society was progressing from the simple to complex, which they assumed was superior. The idea that societies will follow this singular path is flawed. Another approach contends that societies naturally seek to attain stability. Talcott Parsons, an advocate of this view, developed the equilibrium model, which states that as changes occur in one part of society, adjustments must be made in other parts. But some groups in society are able either to inhibit or to facilitate social change because they control valued resources. Karl Marx argued that conflict is a normal and desirable aspect of social change, and that change should be encouraged as a means of eliminating social inequality. However, since certain individuals and groups have a stake in maintaining the status quo, efforts to promote social change are likely to meet with resistance. Social economist Thorstein Veblen coined the term vested interests to refer to those people or groups who will suffer in the event of social change. In general, those with a disproportionate share of society's wealth, status, and power have a vested interest in preserving the status quo and resisting social
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Chapter 15 Summary and terms - Chapter 15 1 Chapter 15...

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