Outline 8,10 - 11-07-09Sociology classChapter 8 - Education...

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Unformatted text preview: 11-07-09Sociology classChapter 8 - Education and ReligionLEARNING OBJECTIVES1.Describe the role of education from the various sociological perspectives. 2.Discuss the nature of schools as formal organizations. 3.Discuss the sociological approach to religion. 4.Identify the diverse nature of world religions and practices. 5.Discuss the role of religion from the various sociological perspectives. 6.Describe the components of religious behavior.7.7. Discuss the basic forms of religious organization.KEY TERMS-ch 8Correspondence principleThe tendency of schools to promote the values expected of individuals in each social class and to prepare students for the types of jobs typically held by members of their class. CredentialismAn increase in the lowest level of education required to enter a field. DenominationA large, organized religion that is not officially linked to the state or government. EcclesiaA religious organization that claims to include most or all members of a society, and is recognized as the national or official religion. EducationA formal process of learning in which some people consciously teach while others adopt the social role of learner. Established sectA religious group that is the outgrowth of a sect, yet remains isolated from society. Functionalist definition of religionThe idea that religion unifies believers into a community through shared practices and a common set of beliefs relative to sacred things.FundamentalismRigid adherence to core religious doctrines, often accompanied by a literal application of scripture or historical beliefs to todays world. Hidden curriculumStandards of behavior that are deemed proper by society and are taught subtly in schools. Liberation theologyUse of a church, primarily Roman Catholicism, in a political effort to eliminate poverty, discrimination, and other forms of injustice from a secular society. New religious movement (NRM) or cultA small, alternative faith community that represents either a new religion or a major innovation of an existing faith. ProfaneThe ordinary and commonplace elements of life, as distinguished from the sacred. Protestant ethicMax Webers term for the disciplined commitment to this-worldly labor driven by a desire to bring glory to God, shared by followers of Martin Luther and John Calvin. Religious beliefA statement to which members of a particular religion adhere. Religious experienceThe feeling or perception of being in direct contact with the ultimate reality, such as a divine being, or of being overcome with religious emotion. Religious ritualA practice required or expected of members of a faith. SacredElements beyond everyday life that inspire respect, awe, and even fear....
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Outline 8,10 - 11-07-09Sociology classChapter 8 - Education...

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