AIDSCOURSE2010

AIDSCOURSE2010 - Global AIDS 2009 Myron S. Cohen, MD J....

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Unformatted text preview: Global AIDS 2009 Myron S. Cohen, MD J. Herbert Bate Distinguished Professor Medicine, Microbiology and Public Health Director, Institute for Global Health & Infectious Diseases Associate Vice Chancellor for Global Heath The HIV Pandemic 2009 Where are we now?? How did we get here?? Where are we going?? The beginning,1980 Hubei Medical College, 1980 ME WHERE ARE WE NOW? CDC: More Americans HIV-positive than previously believed ATLANTA, Georgia (CNN) -- There are more new cases of Americans infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, than previously believed, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Saturday About 56,000 people became infected with HIV in the past year, which translates to about 40 percent more cases than officials had estimated, said Dr. Kevin Fenton, director of the CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention. Previous CDC estimates suggested about 40,000 new people were infected each year. But those estimates used "limited data and less precise methods," said the center, which is now using technology capable of determining when someone was infected. The new method can indicate whether someone has been infected with HIV during the previous five months, rather than relying on statistical models. Diagnosis of HIV can occur years after infection, he said. "The fact that 56,000 Americans each year are contracting HIV for the first time is a wake-up call for all of us in the U.S., Fenton said "These numbers are a scathing indictment of how profoundly U.S. and CDC HIV prevention efforts have failed," said Michael Weinstein, president of AIDS Healthcare Foundation, which calls itself "the nation's largest provider of HIV/AIDS medical care." A woman uses the Oraquick rapid HIV testing device at a New York health clinic in 2006. 2006 Report on the global AIDS epidemic Fig 06/06 e 9 December 2007 e Total 33.2 million [30.6 36.1 million] Adults 30.8 million [28.2 33.6 million] Women 15.4 million [13.9 16.6 million] Children under 15 2.5 million [2.2 2.6 million] Total 2.5 million [1.8 4.1 million] Adults 2.1 million [1.4 3.6 million] Children under 15 years 420 000 [350 000 540 000 Total 2.1 million [1.9 2.4 million] Adults 1.7 million [1.6 2.1 million] Children under 15 330 000 [310 000 380,000 Number of people living with HIV in 2007 People newly infected with HIV in 2007 AIDS deaths in 2007 Global summary of the AIDS epidemic, December 2007 10 December 2007 e Over 6800 new HIV infections a day in 2007 More than 96% are in low and middle income countries About 1200 are in children under 15 years of age About 5800 are in adults aged 15 years and older of whom: almost 50% are among women about 40% are among young people (15-24) 11 December 2007 e Total: 33.2 (30.6 36.1) million Western & Central Europe 760 000 760 000 [600 000 1.1 [600 000 1.1 million] million] Middle East & North...
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AIDSCOURSE2010 - Global AIDS 2009 Myron S. Cohen, MD J....

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