April 7 - April 7, 2009 Americans on the Move -Immigrants...

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April 7, 2009 Americans on the Move -Immigrants to the US -Why they came -Germans -Irish -Natives Reaction -Westward Movement -Manifest Destiny -Oregon and the Overland Trail -Texas-The Independent Republic -Politics of Expansion -Whigs in Power -Election of 1844 -Mexican American War -Wilmot Proviso -California Dreaming—Gold! Lincoln on the Move—november 1842, Lincoln and mary todd moved into first home in springfiled, IL. 8 ft by 14ft. next door to blacksmith, meant that the sounds and smells filled their home. Wasn’t first move. Less than 20 years after they moved, they would take up residence in president mansion in D.C. he climbs from log cabin to White House by talent and ambition. Lincoln is emblematic that Americans belived they could make something of themselves. The “American dream” hard work would not shape contour of individual lives, but the boundaries of the United States.
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Slavery? How would slavery in American West shape the country? Immigrants—between 1815-1860, around 5 million Europeans arrived to US. Most of those came from 1845-1855 (3 million) the irish were most numerous, next the Germans. By 1860, three quarters of 4.1 million born people, were either irish or german. In general terms, why did they come? Push factors (something pushes them out) and pull factors (something that intices them) Push factors—religion, the poor economic conditions (irish potato famine) Pull Factors—better economic opportunities (trees filled with fruit) Realities—sometimes you would buy tickects and would find your ticket was worthless, you show up that the ship would leave in june, but won’t leave until august. Once you get on the ships the voyage is terrifying, most of these people are being transported on cargo ships. Would take 6 weeks to cross the atlantic. The greatest disappointment would be when you arrived. Many of these people hoped to farm, but the land is not available or have the money to pay for the land. The farming was also different than the European villages. They found these farms were isolated. Just not the same atmosphere. Overall, immigrants were far less likely to become farmers, instead they concentrated in cities. The irish found jobs as construction workers. The irish also built canals. The germans—over a million german immigrants came between 1846-1854, the revoluation of 1848 is going on, this is a push factor. They left ports that were engaged in cotton. They don’t stay in the south because they would be competing with slave labor. They travel up the Mississippi river and settle in ohio, Illinois. In 1860, germany was not a nation state, it was a collection of small kingdoms, diverse group of people, they did not initially think of themselves as Germans. Included catholics, protestants (luterans) jewish, they represented wide social classes, occupations (farmers, artisans)
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Henry Steinway—Piano maker came in 1850, and he anglosized his name. opened Steinway and sons, one of the best piano makers in the country. Levi Strauss—Jewish tailor and after hearing the discovery of gold, he took his cloth
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April 7 - April 7, 2009 Americans on the Move -Immigrants...

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