Slavery? How would slavery in American West shape the country?
Immigrants—between 1815-1860, around 5 million Europeans arrived to US. Most
of those came from 1845-1855 (3 million) the irish were most numerous, next the
Germans. By 1860, three quarters of 4.1 million born people, were either irish or
german. In general terms, why did they come? Push factors (something pushes them
out) and pull factors (something that intices them)
Push factors—religion, the poor economic conditions (irish potato famine)
Pull Factors—better economic opportunities (trees filled with fruit)
Realities—sometimes you would buy tickects and would find your ticket was
worthless, you show up that the ship would leave in june, but won’t leave until
august. Once you get on the ships the voyage is terrifying, most of these people are
being transported on cargo ships.
Would take 6 weeks to cross the atlantic. The
greatest disappointment would be when you arrived. Many of these people hoped to
farm, but the land is not available or have the money to pay for the land. The
farming was also different than the European villages.
They found these farms were
isolated. Just not the same atmosphere. Overall, immigrants were far less likely to
become farmers, instead they concentrated in cities. The irish found jobs as
The irish also built canals.
The germans—over a million german immigrants came between 1846-1854, the
revoluation of 1848 is going on, this is a push factor. They left ports that were
engaged in cotton. They don’t stay in the south because they would be competing with
slave labor. They travel up the Mississippi river and settle in ohio, Illinois. In 1860,
germany was not a nation state, it was a collection of small kingdoms, diverse group
of people, they did not initially think of themselves as Germans. Included catholics,
protestants (luterans) jewish, they represented wide social classes, occupations