Helen Jewett murder of a prostitute, 1836.
Penny Press revolutionized news
reporting. Type of thing people want to read about, murders, crime, there is a
dramatic shift of the coverage.
Mass people see minstrel shows, 1830, in northern cities and they included both
white men in black face. Troups of African American men, were travel shows, were
dances, songs, humorous skits. Broadway becoming a big thing. They are for
working class men who move into middle class. Songs are written by white people
depicting African Americans.
Stephen Foster, becomes one of the first professional song writers. “Old Folks at
Writes Florida state song.
Wrote many minstrel songs.
These minstrel shows depicted images of African Americans and encouraged and re-
enforced stereotypes (stupid, spontaneous sings and dance, exoticness, clumsy)
Abolitionist sentiment is still on the rise at the same time, these stereotypes only re-
enforce and they do so through stock characters “Zip Coon” arrogant, uppity, doesn’t
know his place. “Uncle Ned” docile, humble, faithful slave. “Jim Crow” was a
character introduced in 1832 through a song written and sung by “daddy” Dan rice
in his minstrel act. He knew his place
By 1850, new York from san Francisco had its own theater for minstrel show. Tyler
to Pierce had minstrel shows. Rise again in late 1800’s but it was almost exclusively
men in black face.
Phineas T. Barnum—the most famous entrepreneur of the 19
century. Born in
Connecticut, became a shop keeper, but in 1829 he decides to get into the newspaper
business. But, he has several liable suits and he spends some time in prison. In 1834
moves to new York city and he began his career as a showman. In 1835 he introduces