April 14 - April 14, 2009 I. Many Souths II. St. Louis to...

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April 14, 2009 I. Many Souths II. St. Louis to New Orleans III. On to Charleston IV. Toward Richmond V. Baltimore There are many different south’s/people. Slavery is the defining aspect of the south. The key is that there are many different versions and places of the south. There is no one south. Slavery looked different depending where you were because of the crops. Cotton was king in 1850’s, but we also have the old tobacco company in northern south, sugar cane in Louisiana, indigo, and rice on the southern eastern coast. BY 1860, 25% of white southern families owned slaves. By 1860, roughly 4 million enslaved African Americans. The average slave owner in the upper south would own 5 slaves. In the deeper south, the average was 12 slaves. The planters had 20 or more slaves. Of all the planters, they tended to be concentrated in the deep south and south Carolina. 65% of planters lived in deep south. There were a few who owned more than 100 slaves. It was highly rare. Only 1% of those in Virginia owned more than 100, but in the lower slaves, 85% could own that many. A northerner in the 1850’s traveling to the south. homestead published book in 1861 “journeys and explorations in the cotton kingdom” this travel log would help inform northerners of the south and slavery, inspires anti-slavery sentiment. West Chicago, easiest path south is down Mississippi river to St. Louis. As we pass through Illinois, we will see McCormick’s new reaper being used in the field. This is much undeveloped land. We take the train and it takes us to St. Louis. It is a steamboat city. By the 1850s, this is the heart of St. Louis, it is also a slave city. The
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bulk of slaves work on docs or on boats to be shipped to new Orleans to be sold. Slavery is alive and thriving. We get on the steamboat and travel down Mississippi. Mark Twain, what he writes, was alive and thriving, built with gambling tables, and gaudy carpets. African American labor would allow them to run. They work the tables, act as servants, fuel the ship. When we get to Memphis, we pick up cotton. Memphis is western outpost of the middle south. Ships are filled up with cotton. We get back on the boat, travel down to the Mississippi delta. This will be epitome what becomes known as the old south. (gone with the wind) this is where we have the plantations, the land of Faulkner, we have huge homes, porches, verandas, rich plantations. (Natchez Mississippi) we continue along and pass sugar plantations. This is long hard work. Sugar is big money, this is where the wealth is, more slaves are necessary. Enter New Orleans, more than likely we will see a slave auction, (internal slave trade) signs everyone telling where auctions will be, the largest slave auction in New Orleans. They would build huge walls around the auctions. The slaves that are for sale are likely to be from original south, they were sold off because
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This note was uploaded on 01/09/2011 for the course HIST 151 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University.

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April 14 - April 14, 2009 I. Many Souths II. St. Louis to...

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