40% worked or lived on small farms. (mainly in Midwest)
the north had strong
strain of Yankee Protestantism.
Be thrifty, avoid alcohol, work hard.
also embraced the reform movements, temperance, public education, much more
likely in the north than south. Most important, reform movement of abolitionism.
Historians believe they had the free labor ideology and had a strong hold in north by
1850. Ideology, the people who owned the factor and those who worked in the factors,
individuals could work hard from having nothing to middle class. The whig party
splits and the republican party’s main belief was the free labor ideology.
looked south and saw a lazy, cruel, violent people who didn’t subscribe to the ideals
that would make the US great.
South--In terms of population, south was losing ground, if you lost population, who
had fewer rep. the road networks in south underdeveloped, cities were fewer, small,
New Orleans 160,000, biggest city.
The south was overwhelming agriculture (80% of
labor force) the vast majority of southern wealth was tied up in land and slaves.
Wealthy slave holders dominated socially and politically. Cotton supplies the
northern and European textile mills.
Cotton exports give the country and favorable
balance of trade.
Southern religion differed than the north. Like the north, mostly
protestant, but different strain. It was less concerned with reforming and improving
society than with individual salvation. Reform movements do not take off like they
did in the North.
Virtually no abolitionism, education lagged far behind from the
White southerners looked north saw region of cold, people who did not care
about family but the mighty dollar.
Slavery was not form of labor, but was key to the south’s social system.