April 21 - April 21, 2009 Life in the Trenches I. Who Were...

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April 21, 2009 Life in the Trenches I. Who Were they? II. Motivations to Enlist and Fight III. Camp Life IV. Medical Care Final next Thursday, due May 5, noon. Email as an attachment. Final discussion this Thursday Engineers of the 8 th N.Y. State Militia, 1861. 3 million soldiers. 2.2 million fought for the union. 750,000-850,000 fought for the confederacy. The records were not as good in the south. When they enlisted surrounded by fathers, brothers, uncles, neighbors because the principle unit of the civil war at the company level. Community event. Army Organization (example from Gettysburg) -Company—Co.H—100 men -Regiment—33 rd VA—10 companies (Community Event, work with people you know) - Brigade—Stonewall Brigade—3-5 Regiments -Division—Johnson’s Division—2-5 Brigades --Corps—Second Corps--2 or more Divisions --Army—Army of Northern Virginia
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More than 100 occupations among Conf. troops, very diverse. Average northern regiment was even more diverse, still 50% who were farmers, but there were over 300 different occupations in the Union Army. Who was the average soldier? North or south, they were white, native born, protestant, farmer, probably unmarried, between 18-29 in age, Private Edwin Francis Jemison, died at age 17. Average age was 25 years old. 5 foot 7 inches, 145 pounds. In north, a quarter were foreign born (irish or german) in south, only 9% were foreign born, which was a little higher than the amount of immigrants in the south. There were few native Americans. Both sides treated Native Americans poorly. United states in 1863, began enlisting black soldiers. 54 th Massachusetts. Company E, 4 th U.S. colored infantry. They were used as a labor force, not soldiers in the beginning. They were people to dig ditches, 180,000 in UFCT. There were black men who travelled in the confederate army, but they did
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This note was uploaded on 01/09/2011 for the course HIST 151 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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April 21 - April 21, 2009 Life in the Trenches I. Who Were...

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