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April 28 - -What Might Have Happened-Costs of War-Reaction...

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April 28, 2009 -What Might Have Happened? -Costs of War -Reaction to Defeat in the Confederacy -Physical Destruction -The Mood of the White South -Black Southerners Rejoice—Emancipation -The Black Family -Freemen’s Bureau -Working Conditions -Northern Victory -Lincoln’s Assassination -Life after War Appomattox Courthouse, April 1865—armies have been in a stalemate, Lee flees the city and the city is burned. Lee is desperately trying to make up south and west and meet up with Johnson. Wilmer McLean House, 1865, Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant to sign the surrender terms. Palm Sunday, the telegraph wires burn hot, but Monday morning there are parades, fireworks in celebration. They are in their height of rejoicing, most believe the war is almost over or is over. Appomattox is the end of the war, the last of the confederate armies surrender in may. What could have happened after the war? President Johnson could have hanged the confederate leaders, imposed martial law, the south could have started guerilla war fare, the slaves could have taken their revenge on their owners. None of these drastic things happened, instead there is an intense political conflict and social
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upheaval. Would these states be allowed back in? would freed men be right to vote? The rights of confederate soldiers? Lasts until early 1870’s 1865-1870’s. What was it like during immediate postwar period? At least 620,000 soldiers died in the Civil War, does not include the thousands of civilians that died. Even those who were not killed took home experience of war. About a 1/3 of soldiers were maimed, 1/5 of Mississippi budget paid for artificial limbs. Those who didn’t have physical scars had emotional scars, (PTSD). What does it mean if you are a farmer? You can’t really work. You have countless breadwinners who are being supported by families or the state, but you also have widows and orphans who are left. Drug abuse, opium, is something that becomes widespread among veterans and widows. Alcoholism was also rampant after the war. What did it cost? Material Cost: 6.1 billion in 1879, for the United States cost continued to increase because of pensions to soldiers. Post war period in the South—most of the battles had taken place in the South. The north is revitalized because of industrial need, but the south sees destruction of cities and towns. Cities from Richmond to Atlanta were in ruins.
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