February 19 - February 19, 2009 Outline I. Stamp Ac, 1765...

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February 19, 2009 Outline I. Stamp Ac, 1765 -Virtual Representation -Loyal Nine -Declartory Act, 1766 II. Why did Colonial elite resist? -Challenges within -Ideas III. Increasing Resistance IV. After the Stamp Act -Townshend Duties 1767 -Women and Resistance -Boston Massacre V. Tea and Unity -Committees of Correspondence -Boston Tea Party -Coercive/Intolerable Acts -Lexington and Concord Imperial Crisis, 1763, Four P’s, treaty of Paris, French Defeated, Britain gets all of new France, French get sugar islands, the British end up with enormous war debt.
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1763 epitical of Britishness, colonists feel most British than they have ever felt before. They feel they are treated as Allies, not colonists, they see themselves as partners. This is the height of their excitement, and they want to be considered a part of Britain. They are not Americans, they are British. They are going to be treated like they are part of Britain’s empire Impulse behind the Stamp Act, make them into full Britains, then they are going to tax them to help pay off the war debt. They also acquired the huge land mass, and they are responsible of protecting. They are going to issue taxes, they were excised taxes. Meaning the taxes of production of sales of goods (sales tax) They owned land, but aren’t going to tax land, but stuff they are going to buy. The American colonists were paying little. 1765, British in Brittan paying 26 shillings, and Americans 1 shilling or ½ of a shilling. George Grenville, his idea and aware how little the Americans are paying. They need to help pay for the expenses of the empire in the Americas. March 1765 the Stamp Act is passed. Stamp Act, 1765 Colonists to purchase and use special stamped paper for: -Newspapers -Customs documents -College diplomas -Court and legal documents -Playing cards The colonists were ok with external taxes, like the Navigation or Sugar Acts, but the stamp act is an internal tax. It is a way for raising money for things sold in the colonies. It taxes everyone, not just traders or merchants. Offsets 12 or 20 percent
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for keeping up the North American army. Taxation without representation upsets the colonist. He (Greenville) says they have ‘virtual representation’ The members are looking out for the good of the entire British empire. Parliaments speaks for everyone. A whole city would have only 1 representative, Greenville says that Americans have the exact same status of most British males that lived in large cities that had one seat in Parliament. Every member in Parliament stands above own personal interest. Americans begin to respond to the Stamp Act. Patrick Henry-represented by politics, House of Burgesses, has a strong resolution, they thought that he was bordering on treason. Example of political bodies that respond. Loyal Nine- Grassroots groups that respond. Mobilization focuses on attacking the
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This note was uploaded on 01/09/2011 for the course HIST 151 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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February 19 - February 19, 2009 Outline I. Stamp Ac, 1765...

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