January 3 Lecture

January 3 Lecture - J anuary 3 2009 Outline New...

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January 3, 2009 Outline: - New Netherland -Background -Anglo Dutch Wars -New York -Anglicization -1712 New York City Slave Revolt -Five Nations and the Covenant Chain -Pennsylvania -Quakers -“Holy Experiment” -Philadelphia- The Boom City -The Mid-Atlantic Middle Colonies New Netherland- 17 th century vibrant and successful merchant economy focused on trade and commerce in the sea. Agriculture insignificant. They had joint stock companies that challenged dominance of Asia, Africa, Portugal, and Spain. 1619 slave ship was Dutch. Better ships than the others, could carry more goods, cheaper. They were the “gold standard” of traders, and at the top. By 1670, the Dutch fleet outnumbered England, France, Germany, Portugal, and Spain ships. 1609, the Dutch East company sent Henry Hudson, Englishman, agrees to work
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with the company looking for the northwest passage. Rather than going around north America, he wants to cut across. Finds the Hudson river, begins to trade furs with the Native Americans. Beaver pelts brought lots of money, Dutch send over more traders. 1614, establish trading post up river, current Albany. 1626, purchase Manhattan (New Amsterdam) Have tip of the Island, guard the harbor. The Dutch West company comes and controls the colony. It’s company property. The first settlers are employees of the company. Trade not settlement is the main focus. Only 5,000 people are living there. Sparsely settled. Second most important industry was brewing. Settlement was very diverse and multi- ethnic. Dutch policy of religious freedom that attracted people. People from Scandinavia, Jewish, and Germans. Have both free and slave African Americas. Don’t have many Dutch. “18 different languages spoken in the city” The English want a monopoly, and become jealous of the Dutch. In order to protect tobacco trade, they turn to mercantilism. Mercantilism is an economic system in which colonies only provide trade for their
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January 3 Lecture - J anuary 3 2009 Outline New...

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