March 3 - March 3 2009*Political legacies of the...

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March 3, 2009 *Political legacies of the Revolution -Confederation -Other problems -Depression -Military -Northwest Ordinance -Native American Resistance—Joseph Bryant *The Critical Period at its most critical point: Shays’ Rebellion *Liberty and Power balanced: Constitution -Madison -Hamilton -Virginian Plan -New Jersey Plan -Connecticut Compromise -Major Points of the Constitution -Ratification *Now What? Announcements *No Class on Thursday! *Lecture April 1 st , 7:00 p.m. Get a Flier and write one page response= up to 5 extra points on the final exam
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The confederation was not a strong union, a roof without walls. Sense of national identity, but anti-British. Worried about anarchy, decentralized government. The soldiers in the army are worried with no centralized government, no uniforms, not getting paid. People who are nationalists fear that there will be break up of newly created United States. States could become independent, could end up with 13 countries. In 1780s, not clear that it will be one nation, not inevitable that it will be one, united nation. People like George Washington , James Madison, want to make sure the breakup doesn’t occur. Post war problem: economic problem, no movement, inflation, high cost of living, money is worthless, “not worth a continental” Cut off trade with the West Indies. Had to look for other place for trade. Great Britain not trading causes problems. Interstate commerce is down, who will regulate trade between the states? Congress has no power to control. The continental army is being disbanded, constant fear of a standing army. There’s the problem of soldiers not getting paid. There’s a coup planned and threatened to get money. One bright spot: Northwest Ordinance. 1785 this comes about because of Thomas Jefferson. Organizing the Northwest Territory. (north of ohio river) After 1763, Britain got this land after the 7 years War. This territory had been blocked off because of the proclamation, but in 1785 congress establishes a uniform procedure for surveying this land. The new enlightened way: Michigan and Indiana. 6 square mile sections, townships, each townships divided into 6 sections, and one of those sections reserved for the place a school to be built or sold off or revenued to build a school. An arbitrary grid, straight lines, rigid system. Congress will supervise land sales. Congress can sale off this land. 1785 is the ordinance which lays out the states, in 1787, Congress defines the process and steps for territories becoming states. Slavery will not be permitted in these territories. Does not say anything about when they become states. The northern part tends to look a lot like New England, who settle in northern ohio and Michigan. This is a strong hold of the Republican party
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because of people who migrated there. Why was the Northwest ordiniance important? It laid out procedure for settling land and establishing new governments. And it
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March 3 - March 3 2009*Political legacies of the...

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