March 24 - M arch 24, 2009 Boom and Bust This expansion was...

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March 24, 2009 Boom and Bust This expansion was not inevitable, instead it was combination of several factors. First is government and also regulation. This is what the period was like, lots of ups and downs. Filled with uncertainty. Lead to development of the middle class (early 1800s) Government policies and land- Federal government responsible to opening west and promoting expansion, and settlement opportunities Jackson vs. the Creeks, had been waging war from 1807-1815. The wars he inflicts opens up the port of Mobile and eventually leads to diminished Native American power and the removal of them. The british threat to New Orleans gone and a vast land opened up, Florida is taken from Spain. LA, MS,AL,GA,SC,FL, the southwest. This is known as Alabama Fever. This is a surge in population into this territory of the Southwest. What is the motivation? Cotton. Cotton grows well and Eli Whiteney and his cotton gin in 1793, makes growing cotton profitable. Made of rolls and combs and tease out the seeds, doesn’t have to be done by hand. Can process cotton quicker, faster, good investment. Makes cotton a boom in 1815. Marks end of War 1812, ports opened again, lots of commerce with Europe. Cotton is durable, counts for 2/3 of all US exports by 1836. In order for cotton to be successful, you need slaves. The domestic slave trade, or internal slave trade. This is a huge forced migration of enslaved people from upper south to the lower south. 8 of the 10 richest counties were in the deep south. Slavery becoming stronger and more important in the south. White and black boom, also moving due west into Missouri territory, they want to move from a territory to a state. The questions is whether it will be admitted as a free or a slave state? First sectional battle over slavery. Sectional discourse flaring up. In the north, they are not upset about slavery per se, they are not concerned with abolition. They are worried about slavery being moved into territories. The 3/5 compromise, meaning south given more representation. They are objecting the influence that the south gets with those extra votes. Means that the south is controlling congress, tariffs, controlling the presidency. Only one northern president.
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South sees it as an attack, there are still slaves in the north, shipping is still tainted with the slave trade, the south says it’s none of your business. A compromise is reached, the Missouri Compromise of 1820. Says there will be a line drawn from southern most border, this line drawn from southern most border, brings in Maine in 1820 as free state, Missouri will be a slave state. This will balance out the senate. But will set a crack in the nation of two different systems that are developing. The
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This note was uploaded on 01/09/2011 for the course HIST 151 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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March 24 - M arch 24, 2009 Boom and Bust This expansion was...

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