March 24, 2009
Boom and Bust
This expansion was not inevitable, instead it was combination of several factors.
First is government and also regulation.
This is what the period was like, lots of ups
and downs. Filled with uncertainty. Lead to development of the middle class (early
Government policies and land- Federal government responsible to opening west and
promoting expansion, and settlement opportunities
Jackson vs. the Creeks, had been waging war from 1807-1815. The wars he inflicts
opens up the port of Mobile and eventually leads to diminished Native American
power and the removal of them. The british threat to New Orleans gone and a vast
land opened up, Florida is taken from Spain.
LA, MS,AL,GA,SC,FL, the southwest.
This is known as Alabama Fever. This is a surge in population into this territory of
the Southwest. What is the motivation? Cotton. Cotton grows well and Eli Whiteney
and his cotton gin in 1793, makes growing cotton profitable. Made of rolls and combs
and tease out the seeds, doesn’t have to be done by hand. Can process cotton quicker,
faster, good investment. Makes cotton a boom in 1815. Marks end of War 1812, ports
opened again, lots of commerce with Europe. Cotton is durable, counts for 2/3 of all
US exports by 1836.
In order for cotton to be successful, you need slaves.
domestic slave trade, or internal slave trade. This is a huge forced migration of
enslaved people from upper south to the lower south.
8 of the 10 richest counties
were in the deep south. Slavery becoming stronger and more important in the south.
White and black boom, also moving due west into Missouri territory, they want to
move from a territory to a state. The questions is whether it will be admitted as a free
or a slave state? First sectional battle over slavery. Sectional discourse flaring up. In
the north, they are not upset about slavery per se, they are not concerned with
abolition. They are worried about slavery being moved into territories. The 3/5
compromise, meaning south given more representation. They are objecting the
influence that the south gets with those extra votes. Means that the south is
controlling congress, tariffs, controlling the presidency. Only one northern president.