A QUEEN ADORED: ENGLAND'S ELIZABETH II
Countess of Longford, Elizabeth Pakenham, was born in London England in 1906.
She attended Lady Margaret Hall and Oxford University where she studied classical
history and philosophy.
She later married Oxford professor and politician, the
seventh Earl of Longford in 1931, with whom she had eight children.
She worked as
a tutor from 1930-36 in the Worker's Educational Association, and was a member of
the Paddington and St. Pomcras Rent Tribunal from 1946-51.
She was also a Labour
party candidate for Cheltenham, and later for the City of Oxford.
campaigns proved unsuccessful, Longford began her career as a writer in 1954, where
she concentrated on the topic of parenting.
She later turned her focus to British
history, and became recognized for her talent as a biographer.
She was awarded the
James Tait Memorial Prize for best biography in 1964 for Victoria R.I.
claimed the Yorkshire Post Book of the Year Award twice with Wellington,1969, and
The Royal House of Windsor, Winston Churchill in 1974.
It is with this same
thoroughness and true human interest that she captures the life of England's
reigning monarch in The Queen; The Life of Elizabeth II.
Though surveys have revealed that at any one time between 15 and 30% of the
English people claim they would prefer a republic, the majority uphold the
traditional support of the monarchy, as has been the English custom for over a
Since 1952 the endeared Queen Elizabeth II has played this role in
her country's politics as an important aspect of
the modern nation's identity.
she has proved neither conservative nor liberal in her stance, she has so come to
symbolize a popular democracy.
It was raining on the sunless April day in 1926 when Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
announced to her husband of three years that it was time.
The Duke and Duchess of
York were anticipating the birth of their first child.
As the doctors were soon to
discover, this was not to be a routine delivery.
The child was breech and as night
fell the decision to perform a cesarean section was made and thus commenced.
operation a success, at 2:40 AM, Wednesday, April 21, a princess was born.
characteristic of cesarean birth, the first granddaughter of King GeorgeV and Queen
Mary was particularly immaculate with a shapely head, fair hair, and pink skin.
Her bright blue eyes were framed by long dark lashes.