JOAN OF ARC
A French saint and a heroine in the Hundred Years' war was Joan of Arc.
farm girl helped save the French from English command and was often called the Maid
Orleans and the Maid of France.
Her inspiration led the French to many victories.
Joan Of Arc (In French Jeanne d'Arc) was born around 1412, in the village of
She was a peasant girl who, like many girls of that time, could
not read or write.
Her father, Jacques, was a wealthy tenant farmer and her
mother, Isabelle Romee, taught her how to sow, spin, and cook which she was proud
She also spent much of her time praying to and serving God.
She lived like
most children did at that time, until when she was about thirteen.
Wagenknecht: "The Vision first came when she was first thirteen.
was Saint Michael who said she should be a good girl and go to church. When more
and more Visions had come it started coming clearer to her and when she saw Saint
Catherine and Saint Margaret her duty was clear, she was the chosen one to crown
Charles the VII.
Since France had been fighting with England in what was called the Hundred
Years' War, much of Northern France was captured by the English, including Reims
where the coronation for kings had been held for over centuries before him.
Reims was captured, Charles the VII, who had not yet been crowned; was still called
When Joan had these visions of Saint Catherine and Saint Margaret,
she told her family and friends.
When she told her father, he would not let her
After when these Visions told her that England and Burgundy, England's ally,
were going to capture Orleans, one of France's last strong forces, she knew she had
She needed to go to the governor of Vaucouleurs, an agent of the
Dauphin, and convince him to give her an army to escort her to the Dauphin.
She first needed an escort to come with her to see the governor so she asked
her cousin, Durand Laxart.
He, at first, was skeptical about it, but then he soon
came to Joan's side.
When she told the governor, Robert de Baudricourt, he said
she was a fool and she should go home.
But after some time of waiting, Baudri-
court let her go, under his protection, to the Dauphin with male clothing,
a safe conduct pass, and a small escort.
They departed February 23.
traveled at night on byroads for eleven days from Vacouleurs to Chinon.
in the open air and disguised Joan, so the English would not notice her when she
attended Mass in the towns they went through.
After some time arriving in Chinon, she was escorted to where the Dauphin