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grammar2 - The Glamour of Grammar cont Gerunds Transitive...

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The Glamour of Grammar, cont. Gerunds Transitive and intransitive verbs Direct objects Indirect objects Conjunctions Interjections Who and whom Noun modifiers
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Gerunds Gerunds are easy to confuse with present participles. They look the same; both end in “-ing.” Gerunds are nouns; participles are adjectives. Running is fun. I like watching movies. I got sick from eating the pizza.
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Identifying participles and gerunds Studying Latin, I improved my English. John, saddened by his father’s death, was refusing to eat. Bert, saying the correct answer, would have won the prize. We will discuss traveling to Rome later. Bill wrote a book about making money.
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A Note on Finding Subjects When analyzing a sentence, first look for the simple predicate. Then look for the subject. The subject will answer this question: Who or what (simple predicate)? Example: The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dogs. Question: “Who or what jumps?” Answer: “The quick brown fox.”
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A Note on Subjects and Predicates Complete subjects are not as varied in form as are predicates. Predicates tend to have greater variety in form.
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