ch5originmortals

ch5originmortals - Classics 10: Chapter 5: Spring 2010...

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Classics 10: Chapter 5: Spring 2010 Myths of Creation: The Origins of Mortals [The Rise of Zeus] I. Prometheus and Human Progress II. Pandora and Human Suffering III. Further Punishment for Human Decline A. The Five Races B. The Universal Flood QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. Rubens, Promethus Bound , 1610-1
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Zeus Against Cronus: The Battle with the Titans Zeus overthrows Cronus (How? Hesiod = silent) The stone vomited out and became revered in Delphi as the omphalos , “navel of the world” Zeus and siblings, all now vomited up and intact, occupy Mt. Olympus Hades to Underworld (takes over from Tartarus?) The other Titans strike back The “Titanomachy”, massive battle Only the Titans Themis and her son Prometheus side with the Zeus and the Olympians (this matters later)
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Zeus Against Cronus: The Battle with the Titans Olympians win with the help of the Cyclopes and the Hecatonchires, whom Uranus had imprisoned in Tartarus Zeus thus rights past wrongs, justice + force Nectar and Ambrosia restore their strength = the drink and food of the Olympians thereafter Cyclopes forge the thunderbolt to be the special weapon of Zeus Titans defeated, cast down into Tartarus Altas given special punishment Forced to hold up the heaven at the edge of the earth The ocean at the edge of the Mediterranean = Atlantic
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Zeus’ Battle with Typhoeus Doublet with Titanomachy Gaea turns against Zeus (her grandson), bears Typhoeus with Tartarus 100 heads of dragons on his shoulders Defeated by Zeus’s thunderbolts (fire vs. fire) Apollodorus tells much fuller story, in which Zeus is captured for a bit Remember that significant variants usually exist Typhoeus buried under (volcanic) Mt. Etna in Sicily
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Zeus’ Battle with the Giants Much later: Battle of the Giants Not in Hesiod, but very popular story in Classical Period and later Giants born from Uranus’ severed genitals, now urged against Zeus by Gaea With the help of Hercules(!), are defeated World divided among Zeus (Sky), Poseidon (Sea), and Hades (Underworld) Earth and Olympus common to all
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Zeus Ends The Succession Will the succession of power continue (i.e., will one of Zeus’ offspring overthrow him like Uranus and Cronus were each overthrown)? Zeus marries the Oceanid Metis (Cleverness), gets her pregnant, learns that the child of Metis will overthrow him So he swallows Metis while pregnant! Uranus stuffed babies back in Gaea Cronus ate babies once born; Zeus does one better Zeus gets headache, Athena (Goddess of Wisdom and War) pops fully-formed from his head Athena has no mother, a female divinity solely the child of the male (Zeus tricks biology!)
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Themes in Greek Creation Story Divine Myth (gods explain the world) with folklore elements (tricksters, monsters, family dynamics in flux) Cosmos becoming increasingly complex, away from original unity
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ch5originmortals - Classics 10: Chapter 5: Spring 2010...

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