November 17 ( FB group version)

November 17 ( FB group version) - November17Lecture19...

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November 17 – Lecture 19 Her Father’s Daughter (Athena) -          Born from Zeus, virgin, no divided loyalties -          Contrast of Ares, she is the goddess of military defence -          Champion of culture, clever inventor, tame nature (vs. Poseidon) o   Invents: bridle, ship (conquer sea/Poseidon), weaving (conquers cold), olive oil (bring light (oil) and food) -          Protector of heroes like Heracles, Perseus, Odysseus Goddess in the City -          Partenon  à  “hall of the virgin” (literal translation) -          Military defence -          Contrast to Artemis (who prefers wilderness) even though they are both virgins -          Presides over trials of civil suits -          Her bird is the owl (owl-eyed Athena) Hephaestus  à  The Lame Smith -          Roman name: Vulcan -          Son of Hera -          Born lame (some stories say he is injured by Zeus or Hera) -          Thrown into the sea by Hera o   Cared for by Thetis (mother of Achilles) -          Cult site on island of Lemnos (volcanic island)
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