I1703084146.pdf - IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences(IOSR-JDMS e-ISSN 2279-0853 p-ISSN 2279-0861.Volume 17 Issue 3 Ver.8 March(2018 PP41-46

I1703084146.pdf - IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical...

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IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences (IOSR-JDMS) e-ISSN: 2279-0853, p-ISSN: 2279-0861.Volume 17, Issue 3 Ver.8 March. (2018), PP41-46 DOI: 10.9790/0853-1703084146 41 | Page Brain cancer: current concepts, diagnosis and prognosis Murtaza Mustaf a, AF.Sali h2 ,EM.Illzam, 3 AM.Sharifa 4 ,MK.Nang 5 1,2,5 Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences,University Malaysia,Sabah,Kota Kinabalu,Sabah,Malaysia. 3, Poly Clinic Sihat,Likas,Kota Kinabalu,Sabah,Malaysia 4 Quality Unit Hospital Queen Elizabeth,Kota Kinabalu,Sabah,Malaysia. *Corresponding Author: Murtaza Mustafa Abstract: Primary brain tumors occur in around 25,000 people a year, and 13,000 deaths in the United States. The incidence of CNS tumors in the United States, Israel, and the Nordic countries is relatively high; Japan and Asian countries have a lower incidence. Less developed countries have lower incidence of tumors due to undiagnosed tumor related deaths. Exposure to vinyl chloride or ionizing radiation is associated with brain tumors. Research studies have not shown link between cell phone or mobile radiation and brain cancer. WHO has classified mobile radiation on IARC, scale into Group B-possibly carcinogenic.Primary and secondary brain tumors present with similar symptoms, depending on the location of location, size, and rate of growth of tumor. Headaches as a result of intracranial pressure can be early symptoms of brain cancer. Other symptoms are tumor site specific that include, poor reasoning, memory, interpretation, loss of vision, poor balance, swallowing and heartbeat, and change in behavior. Diagnosis by computed tomography,magneticresonance, and tissuebiopsy. Treatment depending on neoplasm type, location and may be combined to give the best chances of survival. Surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy are the treatment of choice. Published research advocate that lemongrass (Cymobopogon citratus) has compounds that present anti- cancer.Lemongrass also effective against cervical cancer and other types of cancer cells. Keywords: Braintumor, Clinical presentation. Treatment and outcome --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Date of Submission: 01-02-2018 Date of acceptance: 19-03-2018 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- I. Introduction Brain cancer or Brain tumor occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain[1].There are two main types of tumors: malignant or cancerous tumors and benign tumors[1].Cancerous tumors can be divided into primary tumor that starts within the brain, and secondary tumors that have spread from somewhere else, known as brain metastasis tumors[2].Primary brain tumors occur in around 250,000 people a year globally, making up less than 2% of cancers3].In children younger than 15,brain tumors are second only to acute lymphoblastic leukaemia as the most common form pf cance[4]r.Krishnatereya and associates in a series of 231 primary malignant brain tumors(PMBT) concluded that PMBT occur at 20-60 years of age, with male to female ratio of 2.3:1[5].In Australia the average lifetime economic cost of a case of brain cancer is $1,9 million,the greatest of any type of cance[6]r.The cause of most brain tumors is unknownUncommon risk factors include inherited
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  • Oncology, Brain tumor, brain cancer

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