Chapter 5 -- Carlos Pitta

# Chapter 5 -- Carlos Pitta - Chapter 5 Elasticity and its...

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CHAPTER 5 ELASTICITY AND ITS APPLICATION 1 Chapter 5 Elasticity and its Application Instructor: Carlos Pitta

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CHAPTER 5 ELASTICITY AND ITS APPLICATION 2 In this chapter, look for the answers to these questions: What is elasticity? What kinds of issues can elasticity help us understand? What is the price elasticity of demand? How is it related to the demand curve? What is the price elasticity of supply? How is it related to the supply curve? What are the income and cross-price elasticities of demand?
CHAPTER 5 ELASTICITY AND ITS APPLICATION 3 You design websites for local businesses. You charge \$200 per website, and currently sell 12 websites per month. Your costs are rising (including the opp. cost of your time), so you’re thinking of raising the price to \$250. The law of demand says that you won’t sell as many websites if you raise your price. How many fewer websites? How much will your revenue fall, or might it increase? A scenario… 0

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CHAPTER 5 ELASTICITY AND ITS APPLICATION 4 Elasticity Basic idea: Elasticity measures how much one variable responds to changes in another variable. One type of elasticity measures how much demand for your websites will fall if you raise your price. Definition: Elasticity is a numerical measure of the responsiveness of Q d or Q s to one of its determinants. 0
CHAPTER 5 ELASTICITY AND ITS APPLICATION 5 Price Elasticity of Demand Price elasticity of demand measures how much Q d responds to a change in P . Price elasticity of demand = Percentage change in Q d Percentage change in P Loosely speaking, it measures the price- sensitivity of buyers’ demand. 0

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CHAPTER 5 ELASTICITY AND ITS APPLICATION 6 Price Elasticity of Demand Price elasticity of demand equals 0 P Q D Q 2 P 2 P 1 Q 1 P rises by 10% Q falls by 15% 15% 10% = 1.5 Price elasticity of demand = Percentage change in Q d Percentage change in P Example:
CHAPTER 5 ELASTICITY AND ITS APPLICATION 7 Price Elasticity of Demand Along a D curve, P and Q move in opposite directions, which would make price elasticity negative. We will drop the minus sign and report all price elasticities as positive numbers. 0 P Q D Q 2 P 2 P 1 Q 1 Price elasticity of demand = Percentage change in Q d Percentage change in P

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CHAPTER 5 ELASTICITY AND ITS APPLICATION 8 Calculating Percentage Changes 0 P Q D \$250 8 B \$200 12 A Demand for your websites Standard method of computing the percentage (%) change: end value – start value start value x 100% Going from A to B, the % change in P equals (\$250–\$200)/\$200 = 25%
ELASTICITY AND ITS APPLICATION 9 Calculating Percentage Changes 0 P Q D \$250 8 B \$200 12 A Demand for your websites Problem : The standard method gives different answers depending on where you start. From A to B,

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Chapter 5 -- Carlos Pitta - Chapter 5 Elasticity and its...

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