Osteoporosis objectives - receptor modulators, calcitonin,...

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Chapter 12 Study Objectives – Osteoporosis 1. Define osteoporosis, osteopenia, trabecular bone, cortical bone, osteoblast, osteoclasts, Dowager’s, back (kyphosis). 2. Describe how bone mass changes over the life span. Describe how to optimize bone mass throughout life. 3. Describe the cause and symptoms of osteoporosis. List risk factors associated with osteoporosis. Indicate which population of women has a highest prevalence of osteoporosis. 4. Describe DEXA. Define T-score. Recognize a T-score that indicates osteoporosis. 5. Indicate which part of bone is first affected by a decrease in bone density. 6. Describe the benefits / risks of medications used to treat osteopenia/osteoporosis (estradiol, biphosphonates, selective estrogen
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Unformatted text preview: receptor modulators, calcitonin, parathyroid hormone). Recognize the common / trade names for these medications. 7. Describe some lifestyle approaches that can be adopted to maintain bone health in the aging: a. Exercise b. Diet c. Smoking / alcohol 8. Describe ways in which absorption of calcium from supplements can be maximized. List 3 calcium salts that are used as supplements and provide relative % calcium and bioavailability / absorption for each. 9. List significant food sources of nutrients that are important in bone health: calcium (natural and fortified), potassium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, fluoride, boron, vitamin D, vitamin K, vitamin C, vitamin A, high quality protein...
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