Rhetorical Devices AID!! - CRT 205 1 Tips Week 5 Tips for...

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CRT 205 Tips – Week 5 Tips for Completing the Week 5 Checkpoint – Recognizing Rhetorical Devices 1. When you identify the rhetorical devices you used in your essay, quote the statement or statements you made that reflect that rhetorical device. Here is an example from an essay on computer security. The student writes: “In paragraph six I used rhetorical comparison when I said, ‘These computer criminals are pests, jut like mosquitoes on a warm May afternoon.’ ” 2. When you re-state your position twice, name the rhetorical device you are using for each re-statement. Here’s an example from the same essay. The student writes: “Original statement : One must keep up one’s guard and block, quarantine, and run virus checks at least weekly to safely run his or her computer. First restatement : It is outrageous the amount of protection one must incorporate to run one’s computer with all the blocking and virus scans one has to do. (rhetorical device = hyperbole) Second restatement : To protect one’s computer, one merely has to block, quarantine, and run a few virus checks every week or so. (rhetorical device = downplaying)” 3. Here is what the student had to say about which statement was strongest and why: “The original statement from my essay is strongest. It fits better with the rest of the report and is more to the point. The second revision uses hyperbole and is a little strong. It is almost like I am trying to start an argument about that particular aspect of the paper. I am trying to conclude a paper, not start another discussion. The third revision is downplaying, of course. That statement comes across as too subtle--making it sound like the guidance is of little importance. I am not trying to convey that computer crimes are just something we have to put up with and that there is nothing we can do about them.” 1
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CRT 205 Rhetorical Device or Fallacy Textbook Quote Moore-Parker, Critical Thinking, Reference Ad hominem fallacy "confusion between the qualities of the person making a claim and the qualities of the claim itself." "We commit (this fallacy) when we think considerations about a person 'refute' his or her assertions." p. 181 - 182 Appeal to ignorance "When someone claims that we should believe in such-and-such because nobody has proved that it isn't so." Subtype of burden of proof. p. 195 Apple polishing When we "exaggerate our own accomplishments and abilities and lead to our making irrelevant judgments." This also occurs when we exaggerate the attributes of the people we are trying to persuade. p. 158 Argument by force to threaten the person into believing the argument. "(I)dea is to get people to substitute fear for reason and judgment when taking a position on an issue." p. 156 Argument from common practice Variation of argument from popularity - "consists in trying to justify or defend an action or practice (as distinguished from an assertion or claim) on the grounds that it is common." p. 164
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2011 for the course CRT 205 crt 205 taught by Professor Darren during the Spring '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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Rhetorical Devices AID!! - CRT 205 1 Tips Week 5 Tips for...

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