ch1-2 - Chapter 1: Introduction I Purpose of Database...

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1 ©Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan 1.1 Database System Concepts Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter 1: Introduction n Purpose of Database Systems n View of Data n Data Models n Data Definition Language n Data Manipulation Language n Transaction Management n Storage Management n Database Administrator n Database Users n Overall System Structure ©Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan 1.2 Database System Concepts Database Management System (DBMS) Database Management System (DBMS) n Collection of interrelated data n Set of programs to access the data n DBMS contains information about a particular enterprise n DBMS provides an environment that is both convenient and efficient to use. n Database Applications: H Banking: all transactions H Airlines: reservations, schedules H Universities: registration, grades H Sales: customers, products, purchases H Manufacturing: production, inventory, orders, supply chain H Human resources: employee records, salaries, tax deductions n Databases touch all aspects of our lives
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2 ©Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan 1.3 Database System Concepts Purpose of Database System Purpose of Database System n In the early days, database applications were built on top of file systems n Drawbacks of using file systems to store data: H Data redundancy and inconsistency Multiple file formats, duplication of information in different files H Difficulty in accessing data Need to write a new program to carry out each new task H Data isolation — multiple files and formats H Integrity problems Integrity constraints (e.g. account balance > 0) become part of program code Hard to add new constraints or change existing ones ©Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan 1.4 Database System Concepts Purpose of Database Systems (Cont.) Purpose of Database Systems (Cont.) n Drawbacks of using file systems (cont.) H Atomicity of updates Failures may leave database in an inconsistent state with partial updates carried out E.g. transfer of funds from one account to another should either complete or not happen at all H Concurrent access by multiple users Concurrent accessed needed for performance Uncontrolled concurrent accesses can lead to inconsistencies E.g. two people reading a balance and updating it at the same time H Security problems n Database systems offer solutions to all the above problems
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3 ©Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan 1.5 Database System Concepts Levels of Abstraction Levels of Abstraction
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This document was uploaded on 01/10/2011.

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ch1-2 - Chapter 1: Introduction I Purpose of Database...

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