Summary 3

Summary 3 - Nov. 16, 2009 Ant 360 Chapter Summary: 5 + 8...

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Nov . 16, 2009 Ant 360 Chapter Summary: 5 + 8 Chapter 5 discusses the Spanish and Portuguese explorations to the New Worlds . In 1493, Columbus returned from his first trip from the Caribbean, which is what he believed to be the eastern coast of Asia . Columbus called the natives of the land Indians and set out on many missions to conquer these people . The overthrowing of these native people destroyed their populations in very little time . In 1492 there were about a million people living in Espanola, but by the 1520’s, there were few survivors left . The Spanish brought with them diseases, smallpox and the measles, they used Indian labor to hunt for gold, and inducted many other Indians into slavery and the slave trade, all of which contributed to the demise of their populations . In Mesoamerica, they developed large scale complex tribute systems, and when the Spanish came, the rapid population decline assisted in these systems failing . Warfare, the Spanish invading, and illnesses were all factors in the population diminishing, but the smaller population also put a dent in the labor force that was able to sustain the
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agricultural system to feed this civilization . As Europeans began to acquire more land, the people in Mesoamerica also began to get pushed farther and farther out . Silver was discovered in Bolivia by the Spaniards in 1545 and soon became the most
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2011 for the course ANT 360 taught by Professor Winter during the Winter '09 term at Cal Poly.

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Summary 3 - Nov. 16, 2009 Ant 360 Chapter Summary: 5 + 8...

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