lecture 1.2

lecture 1.2 - ES IB Lecture 1.2 European Expansion and the...

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Unformatted text preview: ES IB - Lecture 1.2 European Expansion and the Colony Definition: Colony • a body of people living in a new territory but retaining ties with the parent state. • in Europe beginning in the 15th century, a territory occupied away from the “mother” country and under its political and economic control. Concept: Colonize/Colonization • to make or establish a colony. • to infiltrate with subversive militants for propaganda and strategy reasons. • Colonization is the process of colonizing. Concept: Master Narrative • a comprehensive explanation of historical experience or knowledge. • a global or totalizing cultural narrative schema which orders and explains knowledge and experience. sustains nationalism through various kinds of cultural affinities, such as language, media, ideologies. (Benedict Anderson) • an “imagined community” that produces and Concept: Hegemony • • preponderant influence or authority, especially of one nation over others. cultural hegemony: a fundamental social group achieves mastery over a series of subordinate groups. (Stuart Hall on Antonio Gramsci) • • • influence throughout and over multiple aspects of society. not imposed, but based on a substantial degree of popular consent. appears as “normal”, “common sense”, diverse and pluralistic, yet actively constructed and maintained. Conquest of Mexico, 1519-1821 Map of Tenoctitlán, 1524 Hernán Cortés Encounters Moctezuma, Nov. 8, 1519 from Bartolomé de las Casas, First Voyages, 1613 Photo Aztec (Nahua) Two-headed Serpent (Quetzalcoátl) British Museum, London Photo Photo Codex Fejervary-Mayer 24: Cosmological diagram Aztec (Mexica/Nahua) Feather Headdress Österreichisches Museum für Volkskunde, Vienna Saint Hippolytus between Spanish and Aztec Soldiers Museo Franz Mayer, Mexico City Conclusions - Concepts • • • Myth gives all parties a reason for Spanish conquest, conversion, dominance, & larger project of colonization. Destiny to happen this way. Explains conquest to conquered (reason for subjugation). Sets up the kind of cultural hegemony that allows for the expansion of colonization throughout the Nahua/ Aztec world. Begins to construct the “imagined community” of the Mexican nation state. Plot/storyline for other European powers to use later to pattern own behavior. • • ...
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  • Winter '08
  • staff
  • Antonio Gramsci, Cultural hegemony, Spanish colonization of the Americas, others. cultural hegemony, Aztec Soldiers Museo Franz Mayer, Aztec Soldiers Museo

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