lecture 1.3

lecture 1.3 - ES IB - Lecture 1.3 Colonial Systems, Race,...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: ES IB - Lecture 1.3 Colonial Systems, Race, and Ethnicity Colonial Systems,Race, & Ethnicity I. Age of European Expansion II. Establishing Colonial Systems III. Racial Difference: Extraction not Exclusion I. Age of European Expansion 600 515 450 390 300 305 265 180 150 140 100 79 58 60 81 109 120 0 1200 1300 1400 1500 1550 1600 1650 1700 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 Population European Population, 1200-1950 Reasons to leave Europe • Overpopulation • Inheritance laws (primogeniture / mayorazgo) • Manufacturing revolution • Not a healthy place • Disease • Religious and dynastic wars II. Colonial Systems • Spanish colonies: • French colonies: • English colonies: Assimilation to coexistence Trade and acculturation Separation and removal. Spanish Exploration, 1500-1600 Conquest and Reconquest, 1598-1692 Acoma Pueblo, New Mexico Spanish Colonies • Juan de Oñate (1598 to New Mexico) nephew - Vicente de Zaldívar / Acoma Pueblo • Pueblo Indians • Mission system • Pueblo Revolt, 1680 • Reconquest 1692-4 • Mission system in Texas and California Spanish Colonies • • • • • • • Juan de Oñate (1598 to New Mexico) nephew - Vicente de Zaldívar / Acoma Pueblo Pueblo Indians Mission system Pueblo Revolt, 1680 Reconquest 1692-4 Mission system in Texas and California Indian labor sustains Spanish settlers on Indian land French Colonies • Quebec, founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain • Huron, Algonkian - French allies • Haudenosaunee (Iroquois): Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca • Jesuit Missions • French-Indian trading network French Colonies • Quebec, founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain • Huron, Algonkian - French allies • Haudenosaunee (Iroquois): Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca • French-Indian trading network • Jesuit Missions labor extends French power over Indian land. • Trade network for extracting furs through Indian Virginia Colony, 1624 English Colonies • Jamestown (1607) • Christopher Newport / Captain John Smith • Powhatan, leader of Algonkian Confederacy • Governor de la Warr (1610) Top English Colonies • Jamestown (1607) • Christopher Newport / Captain John Smith • Powhatan, leader of Algonkian Confederacy • Governor de la Warr (1610) • “Great Migration (1630s) • Land separates settlers and Indians (not labor). III. Racial Difference: Extraction not Exclusion • American Indian/Native American: land extraction of • African slavery: extraction of labor • Difference based on religion, ethnicity: exclusion Conclusions - Colonization • Immigration of groups not like the majority (heterogeneous) are suspect and challenged • Colonial systems use power to: • separate settlers from indigenous people • create capital from land + labor • set conditions for inclusion of newcomers ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 01/11/2011 for the course ETHN 1b taught by Professor Staff during the Winter '08 term at UCSD.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online