The Question of Equality(1)

The Question of - The Question of Equality Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten The realization of Inequality Ancient Greek

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Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten 1/13/11 The Question of Equality
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1/13/11 The realization of Inequality Ancient Greek and Rome: Inequality was seen as natural. Although: Complete Inequality would lead to the oppression tyranny. Complete Equality would lead to anarchy.
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1/13/11 Question of Equality and Government The Roman Model: The Element of Monarchy (via the Consuls) The Element of Aristocracy (via the Senate) The Element of Democracy (via the Plebeian Tribune) The Republic was seen as a way to
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1/13/11 Questions of Equality and Government Machiavelli viewed differences as a positive condition under the framework of a Republic. Harmony can cause a decline in virtue and the end of the Republic. Important, however, would be the
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1/13/11 Questions of Equality and Government Similar view like Fukuyama => heterogeneous societies might not be fit for democracies. Machiavelli defined three base principles a society should share in order to promote stability: Religious Sentiments History has a meaning beyond survival
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1/13/11 Questions of Equality and Government Religious Sentiments Create an environment of morality, something that is not necessarily natural to human beings. History has a meaning beyond survival If history is seen as an achievable destiny, the readiness of people to obey the laws of the state will increase.
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1/13/11 Equality of Mankind? First introduced by Christianity as new concept. Equality was seen as moral freedom! For Greek and Romans some were equal, for Christianity all are equal. The Enlightenment finished the theoretical conceptualization of the
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1/13/11 Again, Two different Views of Equality Equality can be seen as a process (remember the constrained vision). Equality can be seen as a result (remember the unconstrained vision).
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1/13/11 Things to keep in Mind General debates about what is justice, the nature of the good, or the ideal society always have a quality of internal contradiction. In the ideal case, the theory with the least internal contradictions will dominate, or a third theory will emerge out of the previous two. Ideas have exactly as much power as people grant to them, therefore an idea
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1/13/11 The Main Difference between the Two Views Both views accept the fact of inequality in world. The fundamental distinction is the different perception of human potential. Therefore it is the concept of “equality” that causes the gap between the two views.
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1/13/11 Equality as a Process Seen as a social process which assures equal treatment, even though the results might be unequal. Equality as a process accepts irremediable inequalities. (George Bernard Shaw: a pen and a paper do not make a poet)
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1/13/11 Equality as a Process Example: Industrialization. In the beginning it might cause
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2011 for the course PS ps 240 taught by Professor Ralphschoellhammer during the Spring '10 term at Kentucky.

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The Question of - The Question of Equality Formatvorlage des Untertitelmasters durch Klicken bearbeiten The realization of Inequality Ancient Greek

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