Roberts+v+Jaycees - looked at ways the government might...

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Roberts v. U.S. Jaycees, 468 U.S. 609 – 1984 Facts: The Jaycees are a nonprofit, all male group, predominately for men ranging from 18 to 35 years old. The organization hopes to encourage ‘personal development and achievement and [to be] an avenue for intelligent participation in the affairs of the community’. They also offer associate membership to older men and women – although this section cannot vote or participate in select leadership training activities. Issue: The issue here is the discrimination of the sexes. The Minnesota Department of Human Rights held that this organizations member policy went against the purpose of the Minnesota Human Rights Act – which was developed to help stop discrimination of the sexes. Holding: The court upheld the claim of discrimination of the sexes, holding that the Minnesota Human Rights Act did not infringe on the Jaycees first amendments right of association. Rationale: The court came to this decision by looking at why the Jaycees felt unfairly attacked. They
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Unformatted text preview: looked at ways the government might seek to interfere with a group. The court found there are instances in which the government will seek to infringe unconstitutionally on the right of a group, such as if the members are a part of an unsavory organization, or the government may require declared membership of groups wanting anonymity, and it may interfere with the inner workings of a group. The court reasoned that the right to associate is not absolute, especially if there is a compelling state interest. They held that since the Minnesota Human Rights Act does not discriminate on viewpoint or the suppression of speech, it plainly serves the State’s interest of preventing discrimination. They also held that the Jaycees failed to provide any real burden this Act imposes on their members. They found that the full inclusion of both sexes would not obstruct the organizations ability of expression on political, cultural, economic, and social affairs....
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