ASHCROFT V. ACLU Facts: In response to Reno, congress enacted the Child Online Protection Act (COPA). COPA imposes criminal penalties of a $50,000 fine and six months in prison for knowingly posting for “commercial purposes,” World Wide Web content that is harmful to minors. The Act defines material harmful to minors as “any communication, picture, image, graphic, article, recording, writing , or other matter that is obscene or that (A) The avg. person applying contemporary community standards with respect to minors is designed to appeal to or is designed to pander to prurient interest; (B) depicts or represents offensive material with respect to minors an actual or simulated sexual act or sexual contact, an actual or simulated normal or perverted sexual act or sexual contact an actual or simulated normal or perverted sexual act or lewd exhibition of the genitals or post-pubescent female breast. (C) Lacks serious literary artistic, political, or scientific value for minors. The lower courts ruled an injunction on the act as they felt there were
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2011 for the course COMM 452 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Michigan.