HUMANITIES - FIRST QUIZ What are the humanities? -Any...

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FIRST QUIZ What are the humanities? -Any expression of humans What is pre-history? -Time before writing 3 Time Periods in Pre-History -Paleolithic (2,000,000 – 10,000 B.C.) -Mesolithic (10,000 – 8,000 B.C.) -Neolithic (8,000 – 5,000 B.C.) Cave Art in Pre-History -Paleolithic Cave Art Cosquer Cave “Hands of Cosquer” Painted in black with ashes “Penguin drawing” ½ of it is underwater Lascaux Cave “Shaft of the dead man” (first humans in art) Used clay for red paint Many animals in paintings -Mesolithic Cave Art More advanced and same subjects about animals as in Paleolithic. -Neolithic Cave Art Tassili N’Ajjer Cave Development of Man Hunting with dogs More humans in drawings War, Marriage, and family themes Paleolithic Sculptures
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“Venus of Willindorph” (Venus is goddess of love) Displayed good health Hands over breasts Signs of fertility 4 Inches tall 25,000 B.C. Painted in red The “Venus “of their time Hundreds of Venus Sculptures Neolithic 5,000 B.C. Early Civilizations Mesopotamia (Land around rivers between Tigris and Euphrates) Summerians -Developed Writing 1 st -Writing for business purposes -Used small clay discs as contracts or receipts Mesopotamian Gods -Gilgardesh is ½ God, ½ King, King of Uruck, tyrant -Enkidu is ½ God, animal version of man Enkidu fights Gilgardesh 3 Days/3 Nights Become Allies Fight evil together Ishtar Goddess -Goddess of love -Asked Gilgardesh to marry but he declined. Sent pet “Bull of Heaven” to destroy Uruck. Gilgardesh & Enkidu kill “Bull of Heaven” -Puts a curse on Enkidu and he dies Conquers in Mesopotamia -Summerians get conquered by Akkadians New religion leader “Marduk” -Akkadians get conquered by Babylonians “Marduk” steps down as God. Babylonians Literature “Enuma Eish” = Story of creation. “Code of Hammurabi” = Laws written by Babylonian King. -282 Laws
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Gilgardesh Immortality Gilgardesh finds out he can die and sets out to find immortality. -Finds immortal man “Uthapishtim” -“Uthapishtim” similar story to Noah’s Ark -Gilgardesh retrieves flower of immortality from water but a snake comes and eats it before he can. -Gilgardesh goes home to write the story. Mesopotamian Religion Religion in Mesopotamia -Polytheistic -Pantheistic or “God for everything” Cuneiform Pictograms Pictures of Objects Ideagrams Pictures of Ideas Phonograms Symbols that represent sound (The Alphabet) Next Use For Writing Religion Law Stories Egypt 3,000 B.C. First pharaoh claims to unify upper/lower Egypt Debate between Narmer and Menes “Pallete of Narmer” – Used to grind kohl (black eye makeup) Pharaoh means god “Horus” - God of the living world
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3 rd Dynasty Djoser last pharaoh had a whole complex Djoser only had a mastaba but as he got older they built more ontop Imhotep architect of the complex First pyramid used as a tomb Ended in 2,600 B.C. 4
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HUMANITIES - FIRST QUIZ What are the humanities? -Any...

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