Chapter 5-10 Notes - Classical Period (High times) 479 B.C....

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Classical Period (High times) 479 B.C. End of Persian War Delian League Delian League defense team to defend Greece from Persia all city-states contribute Athens joins Delian League and assume control of league and get leagues money Changes to Athenian League Athenian League Athenians use money to rebuild Athens under Athenians ruler Pericles Athenians expand league to get more money and forces cities to join Athenians become Imperial and form Athenian Empire Peloponnesian vs. Athenian Cities form Peloponnesian League to fight Athens Sparta vs. Athens 431 B.C peace broken War breaks out called Peloponnesian War 430 B.C. plague breaks out in Athens and leader dies Athens is losing and try to take over Southern Italy naval battle Italy beats Athens and sinks 2/3 of Athenian Navy 404 B.C. Sparta wins and takes over 404-338 B.C. Period of turmoil in Greeks Sparta has treaty with Persians Hellenic Art
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Sculpture Theme of Idealism Many statues of athletes, Gods Roman Copies Show veins and Support Male Statues “Kritos Boy” Lifelike Eyes inserted Contrapposto No expression “Doryphoros” Spear Bearer In marble original in Bronze “Discobolos” Roman Copy No expression Female Statue Cnidian Aphrodite 1 st nude female Archaic Smile Shows idealism Bronze Sculptures Green is Patina Used for walkways, temples Runoff of bronze used for rods Zeus and Poseidon Bronze Sculptures Hellenic Architecture
Background image of page 2
Ionic Order Feminine traits More complex than Doric Ionic Frieze is continuous Thin columns Ionic capital has volutes (scroll like design) Athenian Acropolis Was Mycenaean palace Destroyed in Persian War Parthenon – Athena Nike - Erechtheum Main temple Parthenon Statue of Athena by Phidias Holding Goddess ‘Nike’ Parthenon means virgin Doric template with some Ionic Doric outer frieze, Ionic inner frieze Peplos scene cloth present Two Pediments West – Competition for Patron God East – Birth of Athena Temple of Athena Nike Ionic style Used as treasury Temple Erechtheum Ionic style 3-5 different Gods Tomb of King Erechthus Erechthus had snake legs Porch of Maidens Caryatids – female sculptures used as columns Hellenic Vase Painting Red Figure Vase Painting Red vase color black paint Painted around figure Greek Theater
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Construction Cut out of hill Good Acoustics Orchestra – Stage Area Plays Greater Dionysian Festival Skene – late Hellenic used as background Athenian Tragedies produced in Trilogies Satyr Plays Nymphs and drinking Comic relief Types of Plays 1 st Type Hubris – Arrogance Ate – Bloody Nemesis – retribution Example Echylus; trilogy “Orestia” Agamemnon- about how he comes back from Troy and die Libation Bearers- Orestes shows up to avenge Agamemnon’s death Furies- Chase Orestes for killing mom so they go to Trial of Orestes in Athens Athena- Judge Orestes wins (PATRIOTISM) 2 nd Type Pity and Fear Rare because it is ‘perfect’ form Arete- Good moral or better than the audience Hammartia- intellectual error Example Sophocles; “Oedipus the King” (only play to fit Pity and Fear)
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/11/2011 for the course HUM 1024 taught by Professor Moutstatsous during the Spring '08 term at St. Petersburg College.

Page1 / 12

Chapter 5-10 Notes - Classical Period (High times) 479 B.C....

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online