Amacom - Modern Project Management (Ocr) - 2001 ! - (By Laxxuss)

However adjustments are often necessary during

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Unformatted text preview: particular automated scheduling package to use it and then to enter that scheduling system's dates into the Modern Project database manually. In Chapter 7 we present an automated scheduling interface between Modern Project and Microsoft Project that allows automated transfer of schedule dates into the Modern Project database. After estimating the labor-hours and the costs of a project (including equipment and materials costs), the project manager must ensure that these resources are applied to the sequence of work. This last element of project planning is what establishes the project schedule. The previous four elements of project planning all lead to a specific estimate of the required resources to complete the project. However, adjustments are often necessary during resource scheduling. For instance, on large projects done for external clients, the project managing organization may be competing with other firms for the project work. Depending on a number of factors, they may or may not have all the resources at hand at the time their bid is made to the client. They may be counting on hiring a substantial amount of the proposed labor force after the contract is awarded. The project management team making the bid will no doubt investigate the feasibility of hiring such a workforce and make estimates on how its aggregate labor pool will increase over time. If it is found that the labor pool for some particular category of labor will not increase rapidly enough to allow the scheduling system to compute a schedule that meets the client's requirements, adjustments may have to be made to save time Page 56 elsewhere in the work. These adjustments may lead to inefficiently large labor pools for other categories of work in order to force other work packages to complete earlier. This situation, in turn, will cause labor to be utilized less efficiently than originally planned, which in turn will lead to larger labor estimates for some control packages. This point will become clearer in Chapter 7. It is the project manager's responsibility to ensure that the dates in the project schedule are in agreement with the contractual dates with either the client or the project manager's senior management, or both, depending on the (contractual) relationship between project manager and client. This first project schedule, developed by the project management team and agreed to by the client, is called the original schedule . The original budget, time phased by this original schedule, is referred to as the original project plan. The project manager has the responsibility of ensuring that these original contract dates are unchanged during project execution. Changes to the scope of the work (that are client approved) will be reflected in another budget and schedule, referred to as the client budget and client schedule, which are explained in Chapter 3. The time phasing of the original budget by the original schedule is needed by the project manager to plan for the labor requirements of the project and to control the expenditure of labor-hours in the most efficient manner possible. It is important to recognize the purpose of scheduling. Just as budgeting is...
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This note was uploaded on 01/11/2011 for the course ACC 9 taught by Professor Yeetan during the Spring '10 term at Sunway University College.

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