Final Practise Q's answers

Final Practise Q's answers - LING 201: Introduction to...

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LING 201: Introduction to Linguistics Final-style Practice Problems 1 The following practice problems are intended to guide you in your preparation for the syntax, semantics and pragmatics part of the final exam, which covers 80% of the exam. The remaining 20% will be from phonetics, phonology and morphology. The questions in each subsection below are similar in style to those in the actual exam. I. SYNTAX A . There are four different types of structures for sequences of the form V Det N PP. The PP can be sister to N (called PP1 in the tree below), sister to N' (called PP2), sister to V (called PP3), or sister to V' (called PP4). For each of the sentences (i) – (v) on the next page, say which of these positions the PP in bold is in by circling the appropriate PP. you can ignore the PP in italics . IP NP I' I VP V' V NP Det N' N PP1 IP NP I' I VP V' V NP Det N' N' PP2 N IP NP I' I VP V' V NP PP3 Det N' N IP NP I' I VP V' V' PP4 V NP Det N' N
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2 i. The children will give this gift to their parents at three o'clock . a. The children will give it to their parents at three o'clock. b. The children will give this one to their parents at three o'clock. c. *The children will do so to their parents at three o'clock. Circle one: PP1 PP2 PP3 PP4 ii. The children will meet this professor of music at three o'clock . a. The children will meet her at three o'clock. b. *The children will meet this one of music at three o'clock. c. The children will do so at three o'clock. Circle one: PP1 PP2 PP3 PP4 (Note that iii/iv is ambiguous, so you are given two sets of data, corresponding to two different structures.) iii. The children will read this book in the library at three o'clock . a. The children will do so in the library at three o'clock. b. The children will read this one in the library at three o'clock. c. The children will read it in the library at three o'clock. Circle one: PP1 PP2 PP3 PP4 iv. The children will read this book in the library at three o'clock. a. *The children will do so in the library at three o'clock. b. The children will read this one in the library at three o'clock. c. The children will read it at three o'clock. Circle one: PP1 PP2 PP3 PP4 v. The children will buy the book about linguistics at three o'clock. a. The children will buy it at three o'clock. b. The children will buy this one about linguistics at three o'clock. c. *The children will buy it about linguistics at three o'clock. Circle one: PP1 PP2 PP3 PP4
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6 B . Draw trees for the following strings. Be sure to follow the X’ template for English. Do not use any triangles. (i)
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This note was uploaded on 01/11/2011 for the course LING 201 taught by Professor Slavin,tanya during the Fall '10 term at McGill.

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Final Practise Q's answers - LING 201: Introduction to...

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