-told through music, dance, story, art
-Corridos are a narrative art form.
-carried out by working class and working poor
-high culture vs. low culture
Ramirez and Bauman
-relates to the people/the “folk” and the study of their everyday practices
-the manners, customs, observances, superstitions, ballads, proverbs, etc., of the olden time (Thomas in Bauman).
-expressions of average “villager” (Bauman).
Briggs (pg. 20) and Tylor,
E.B.Tylor: “The whole way of life”, learned and shared experiences and beliefs
-transmission from generation to generation (Bauman)
-Pg. 9 of Briggs: includes knowledge, beliefs, religion, customs, arts, morals, and many other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a
member of society (Tylor as mentioned by Briggs)
-system of symbols with shared symbolic meaning
-learned and shared patterns of experience passed down through generations.
-common characteristic among all performances: beginning and end with audience, actors, time, place
aesthetically marked and heightened mode of communication, way to examine social process
-reflexive; render meanings within socially defined situational contexts.
-communicating critiquing reality
-action makes performance
-production/reproduction of human action rather than abstract
Singer: reoccurring secular and sacred practices, scheduled and bound
-reciprocal and reflexive: performance is often a critique, direct or veiled, of the social life it grows out of, an evaluation of the way society
handles history. (p. 4)
Social phenomenon found in most cultures, traits of festivals include: being held at special time and place, held to a calendrical cycle
often to pay tribute to certain saints, opening/closing ceremony, feast, drama and contest, dance and music, rituals (liminality, rites of
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo:
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the U.S.-Mexican War. Signed on 2 February 1848. As a result of the treaty, the United States
acquired more than 500,000 square miles of valuable territory and emerged as a world power in the late nineteenth century. The Treaty of
Guadalupe Hidalgo looms larger in the history of Mexico than in that of the United States. Partly because of the loss of valuable territory, the
treaty ensured that Mexico would remain an underdeveloped country well into the twentieth century. Mexican historians and politicians view this
treaty as a bitter lesson in U.S. aggression. Significant in that it created a huge area of “borderlands” in what was once Northern Mexico, thus
giving rise to many of the anthropological/sociological phenomena that permeate these formerly Mexican states.
-historical/political region making